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Kosovo Social Assistance Scheme Study : Assessment and Reform Options (English)

The Social Assistance Scheme (SAS) is the main social assistance program in Kosovo and the sole program targeted at poverty reduction in Kosovo and, importantly, the only program in which household income and assets are used to identify beneficiaries. In the absence of SAS, the overall poverty gap would have been 1.8 percentage points higher in 2016, and the poverty rate would have been 1.5 percentage points higher. Yet, the importance of SAS in Kosovo’s social protection system has declined; decreases in spending on targeted social assistance in Kosovo goes against a worldwide trend. The Government of Kosovo seeks to reform the SAS to eliminate discrimination in program design, promote inclusion and reduce poverty. This report reviews the main design criteria of the SAS, its performance in international comparison, and provides directions for reform based on simulations with household survey data.


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    Working Paper

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    Europe and Central Asia,

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    Kosovo Social Assistance Scheme Study : Assessment and Reform Options

  • Keywords

    Sexual Violence; active labor market program; Primary and Secondary Education; program for poverty reduction; rate of poverty reduction; social assistance program; War; old-age pension; social protection system; social protection program; source of income; social protection expenditure; source income; exemption from payment; social protection spending; person with disability; number of beneficiaries; social assistance system; full time employment; income from employment; targeted social assistance; social assistance scheme; infant mortality rate; rent of land; early retirement pension; categories of beneficiaries; reduction in poverty; people with disability; household food expenditure; consumer price index; Secondary Health Care; parent and children; income support program; support to family; living in poverty; economies of scale; incidence of poverty; availability of fund; victims of war; flat rate benefit; Poverty & Inequality; upper secondary education; income support system; improvements in health; comments and feedback; pace of decline; reallocation of fund; universal childhood education; extreme poverty line; types of asset; Early Childhood Development; national poverty line; national poverty headcount; social risk management; rates of unemployment; access of child; net job creation; disability pension; equivalence scale; veteran pensions; poverty gap; formal income; foster family; household size; live birth; invalidity pension; benefit incidence; compensation scheme; indirect beneficiary; consumption quintile; blind person; poverty incidence; family size; Employment Services; eligibility criterion; political prisoner; beneficiary identification; poor household; benefit amount; young child; household composition; econometric model; poverty profile; family benefit; basic pension; official gazette; cluster survey; household income; wealth quintile; pension scheme; labor supply; work experience; informal sector; statistical model; energy subsidies; Cash Transfer; administrative datum; household head; child allowance; household characteristic; large families; productivity job; social scheme; fiscal constraint; Land Ownership; vehicle ownership; school-age child; Informal Jobs; youth unemployment; orphan child; disability status; educational level; negative shock; temporary assistance; data verification; productive asset; human capital; housing condition; social insurance; single-member household; production asset; personal property; equal share; cold season; poverty status; qualitative research; adult equivalent; target health; capacity assessment; consumption poverty; benefit rate; perfect targeting; web portal; children of ages; old children; eligibility requirement; award decision; tuition fee; maternity benefit; formal employment; utility subsidies; legal provision; budget allocation; national statistical; real value; determining eligibility; insurance function; free book; fee exemption; pension beneficiary; crowding out; foster care; employment status; permanent disabilities; electricity bill; special interest; severe disability; dwelling units; social pension; sewerage system; labor demand; direct beneficiaries; construction material; general budget; single parent; contribution payment; benefit scheme; eligible applicant; health status; beneficiary group; Vocational Training; Wage Subsidies; wage subsidy; food basket; budget increase; social program; unemployment spell; reform scenario; limited capacity; single source; comparator country; productive use; high poverty; beneficiary selection; budget planning; budget neutral; Job Matching; behavior change; vulnerable group; chronic malnutrition; poverty impact; benefit formula; child population; education outcome; subsidiary right; minority group; noncommercial purposes; rural area; Energy Sector; healthcare sector



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Kosovo Social Assistance Scheme Study : Assessment and Reform Options (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.