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Benin Country Economic Memorandum 2.0 (Vol. 2) : How can Benin’s Demographic Transition Support Economic Growth - Chapter 2 (English)

A small open economy, Benin has seen growth that is above average for the region. The volatility of high growth spells combined with low productivity growth has translated into limited gains in income per capita. Following its transition from low-income country to lower middle income country status in 2020 Benin is at the start of a new growth path Its challenge to boost the structural transformation of its economy driven by new growth drivers capable of sustaining an economic acceleration, lifting labor productivity and creating quality jobs for its young labor force, including women. While Benin’s economy has been spared by the worse of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) crisis, the shock has reinforced the need to focus on structural reforms that address long term challenges and ensure that economic recovery is sustainable and inclusive. The key conclusions that underpin this report, following the country economic memorandum (CEM) 2.0 framework suggest that investing further in human capital and closing gender gaps, particularly to accelerate the decline in fertility rates, and integrate women and youth into a higher quality labor market, should be central. Deepening market integration, connecting people and creating agglomeration economies through transport infrastructure and services should catalyze additional opportunities, taking advantage of Benin’s geographical position.


  • Author

    Picarelli,Nathalie, Yan,Xun, Henry,Alexandre Ben-Aziz Kutu, Rougeaux,Solene Marie Paule, Mongan Agbeshie,Saint-Martin Kodjovi, Accrombessy,Felicien Donat Edgar Towenan, Dudu,Hasan, Engel,Jakob, Avdiu,Besart, Lebrand,Mathilde Sylvie Maria, Benitez,Daniel Alberto, Abate,Megersa Abera, Petreski,Marjan, Bartl,Esther Maria, Samson,Houdou Romaric, Beyene,Lulit Mitik, Sicra,Alejandro, Liu,Zhen-000495915, Kouwoaye,Amevi Rocard, Levai,Adam, Homegnon,Noukpo

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    Working Paper

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    Africa West,

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    How can Benin’s Demographic Transition Support Economic Growth? - Chapter 2

  • Keywords

    Demographic Transition; human capital; Infant and Maternal Mortality Rates; access to primary health care; complete primary education; Technical and Vocational Education; provision of family planning services; use of family planning methods; Gender Gap; fertility rate; Labor Market; productivity gap; low levels of education; gender gap in education; labor market participation; change in labor supply; higher returns to education; life expectancy at birth; Maternal and Child Mortality; changing nature of work; Demographic and Health Survey; labor force participation rate; access to contraceptive methods; access to family planning; skilled attendance at delivery; high fertility rate; total fertility rate; working age population; lower fertility; human development outcome; agriculture and service; demographic dividend; children per woman; Access to Education; human capital accumulation; births per woman; in school; decline in mortality; education health; adolescent fertility rate; decline in fertility; access to health; primary school student; employment in agriculture; education and health; lower fertility rate; Gender Inequality; informal sector; gender inequalities; health insurance program; Computable General Equilibrium; lower secondary education; per capita income; women in labor; upper secondary education; labor market integration; purchasing power parity; education for woman; supply of contraceptives; Social Safety Nets; incidence of malaria; population at risk; quality of health; low life expectancy; education child; primary education access; education of child; quality of education; availability of contraception; quality of healthcare; high growth rate; determinant of fertility; decline of fertility; share of work; individual in society; consequences of neglect; human capital theory; human capital stock; maternal mortality ratio; closing gender gap; health care decisions; health care service; quality of care; Financing of Education; provision of health; health care needs; reducing gender inequality; universal basic education; vocational training system; quality of teaching; categories of worker; effect on employment; gross enrolment rate; primary education service; secondary school level; proportion of male; skilled labor force; low labor productivity; small family size; supply of worker; total labor force; employment in industry; low unemployment rate; accelerated economic growth; educated young people; informal sector enterprise; human development policies; number of workers; proportion of woman; quality of job; working-age population; productivity growth; minimum wage; live birth; high employment; Gender Equality; low wage; unskilled female; first birth; low earnings; fertility decline; math skill; language skill; Infant Mortality; household income; first marriage; high wage; political leadership; real gdp; policy option; adult woman; Young Workers; Maternal Health; younger generation; institutional framework; total employment; public expenditure; Social Protection; family worker; health outcome; welfare quintile; worker productivity; high unemployment; dependency ratio; rural area; working population; Population Growth; low fertility; basic equipment; government expenditure; fertility reduction; basic skill; school profile; working-age women; better education; household saving; wage gain; positive impact; younger sibling; child birth; average age; skilled employer; adequate wage; traditional methods; skill job; unwanted pregnancy; female workers; Reproductive Health; rural woman; active life; educational performance; market price; reproductive age; rural girl; agricultural employment; apprenticeship position; young woman; marriage age; agriculture sector; primary sector; Child Marriage; youth work; entry barrier; tertiary sector; personal relationship; higher growth; new skill; adult man; steep decline; pregnant woman; health systems; national health; medical consultation; wage sector; Informal Economy; wage work



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Picarelli,Nathalie Yan,Xun Henry,Alexandre Ben-Aziz Kutu Rougeaux,Solene Marie Paule Mongan Agbeshie,Saint-Martin Kodjovi Accrombessy,Felicien Donat Edgar Towenan Dudu,Hasan Engel,Jakob Avdiu,Besart Lebrand,Mathilde Sylvie Maria Benitez,Daniel Alberto Abate,Megersa Abera Petreski,Marjan Bartl,Esther Maria Samson,Houdou Romaric Beyene,Lulit Mitik Sicra,Alejandro Liu,Zhen-000495915 Kouwoaye,Amevi Rocard Levai,Adam Homegnon,Noukpo

Benin Country Economic Memorandum 2.0 (Vol. 2) : How can Benin’s Demographic Transition Support Economic Growth - Chapter 2 (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.