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Sexual Harassment in Public Spaces : Analysis of New Survey Data from Peshawar, Pakistan (Inglês)

This Note analyses sexual harassment in public spaces as reported by women in Peshawar city in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan and is part of the World Bank's multimethod Women in the Workforce study. The data have been collected as part of the World Bank’s Peshawar Urban Household Survey (PUHS). Earlier qualitative research by the World Bank’s Pakistan Gender Platform team revealed that sexual harassment is pervasive, resulting in a strong impact on women’s agency, ability to engage in society, and decision making. It also limits their access to education and employment opportunities. Quantitative data on sexual harassment in public spaces are limited, and this Note is a first step toward measurement of this phenomenon. About 32 percent of respondents said that they had experienced at least one form of sexual harassment. The analysis shows that the threat of sexual harassment and perceptions around its prevalence and impact guide mobility and other day-to-day decisions for women and girls (potentially deterring participation in education and the labor force and curtailing access to health services). Most women and men are not aware of Pakistan’s laws against sexual harassment.




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