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Road deterioration in developing countries (Inglês)

The developing world's road building boom in the 1960s and 1970s created an infrastructure that has been crumbling in the 1980s leading to adverse implications for economic development in those countries. In that vein, this report focuses on the problem of road deterioration in developing countries, noting its probable causes and the requirements needed for its correction and amelioration. The task at hand for many developing countries is to salvage roads that have severely deteriorated and to protect newer roads from a similar fate. According to the report, this task entails requirements of three types; financial, technical and institutional. In addition, the report maintains that the Bank intends to promote and encourage the execution of maintenance work which is another critical element in alleviating the problem. As part of this effort, it also hopes to educate officials and increase public awareness of the need for timely maintenance and the high cost of neglecting roads.


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    Relatório Econômico ou Setorial Pré-2003

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    Regiões Mundiais,

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    Road deterioration in developing countries

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    paved road;vehicle operating cost;evaluation of road condition;data collection and analysis;unpaved road;road deterioration;growth of traffic;road maintenance;volume of traffic;availability of fund;expenditures on road;maintenance of road;growth in traffic;road transport costs;net present value;rate of change;light diesel truck;basic routine maintenance;main road network;inadequate road maintenance;roads and highway;road maintenance requirements;rate of growth;road haulage costs;gross national product;cost of road;price of good;traffic control device;cost of construction;road user cost;pavement life cycle;capacity for road;repair and maintenance;loss of capital;public expenditure priority;Road Networks;axle load;road agency;gravel road;road authority;road sector;grace period;total life;aid agency;institutional requirements;external assistance;preventive maintenance;ride quality;poor road;road building;Learning and Innovation Credit;uniform rate;financial requirement;discount rate;institutional failure;road system;construction quality;replacement value;road roughness;road budget;road design;good performance;optimal policy;high transport;traffic level;adequate maintenance;political attention;operational efficiency;timber industry;government commitment;managerial ability;highway system;establishing standards;transport condition;external aid;traffic threshold;acceptable standard;construction standard;heavy traffic;rail service;competitive environment;age distribution;collaborative program;funding gap;federal highway;articulated truck;heavy truck;political decision;constant price;high ratio;primary data;road strategy;vehicle type;subsequent phase;deferred maintenance;empirical research;economic crisis;road expenditure;External Finance;institutional constraint;economic market;highway network;state resources;good road;market rate;secondary road;urban roads;road structure;technological improvement;budget fund;road spending;political leadership;elementary school;national assets;road problem;external agencies;international exchange;research institution;research institutions;road program;coordinated action;public awareness;financial resource;political resolve;external capital;physical process;new roads;public asset;inadequate maintenance;lending agency;public pressure;transport service;vehicle operator;computer model;traffic load;road infrastructure;transport good;public monopoly;future traffic;budget cut;engineering practice;absorptive capacity;drainage work;drainage improvement;preventive measure;frontage road;earth road;traffic speed;reconstruction work;road alignment;road traffic;annual expenditure;highway engineer;federal aid;construction cost;initial traffic;advanced knowledge;empirical knowledge;highway construction;



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