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Land and Labor in South Asia (Inglês)

This paper explores the relationship of land and labor to rural poverty in South Asia. The first half of the paper discusses the unequal distribution of land among the rural population, revealing how large proportions of those living in rural areas of India, Bangladesh and Pakistan have very limited access to land. The paper further elaborates on the misused and abused concept of "landlessness" and its relationship to rural land and labor. The second section discusses the imbalance between available employment opportunities and the rural wage labor force. Unemployment and people who rely mainly on wage employment in rural areas are examined, and conclusions drawn as to the different types of occupational opportunities -- agricultural and non-agricultural -- available to wage laborers.


  • Autor

    Singh, Inderjit

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  • País

    Sul da Ásia,

  • Região

    Sul da Ásia,

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  • Nome do documento

    Land and Labor in South Asia

  • Palavras-chave

    rural water supply and sanitation;Land Ownership;rate of population increase;technological change in agriculture;small plots of land;high population growth rate;per capita expenditure;land holding;access to land;concentration of land;distribution of land;number of holdings;agrarian structure;degree of concentration;ownership of land;wage labor force;amount of land;disparity in income;distribution of ownership;concentration of ownership;small holding;transfer of asset;lack of land;per capita basis;rapid technological change;land ownership pattern;access to job;rural labor force;demand for credit;return to investment;sale of asset;foreclosure of mortgage;factor of production;loss of land;safe motherhood initiative;increase in population;international financial flows;control of land;Subdivision of land;alleviation of poverty;size of farm;ownership of asset;agricultural laborer;rural area;small farmer;small holder;downward mobility;census data;landless household;population pressure;Macroeconomic Policy;land reform;indian states;unequal distribution;rural population;Rural Poor;size distribution;large farm;wage employment;cumulative distribution;rural unemployment;regional variation;gini coefficient;large farmer;cultivable land;land purchase;aggregate data;land sale;green revolution;Civil War;lost land;farm implement;agricultural census;agricultural land;ownership category;average household;operational land;dominant group;land distribution;land rental;rural conditions;discussion papers;rural person;high concentration;household size;land area;ownership distribution;statistical appendix;cadastral survey;land records;sampling frame;production relation;landless worker;rural family;demographic pressure;cross-country comparison;off-farm income;market transaction;market process;large-scale displacement;production technology;landowning household;standard deviation;landless laborer;rural laborer;work force;employment condition;agricultural holdings;crop failure;factor productivity;occupational opportunity;employment opportunity;employment opportunities;rural land;Rural Sector;rapid change;rural economy;institutional process;rural group;productive asset;rural asset;classroom use;noncommercial purposes;copyright notice;debt accumulation;payment problem;urban employment;community participation;public expenditure;school quality;dairy development;private enterprise;counterfactual simulations;milk cooperative;institutional purchaser;institutional dimension;labor productivity;private property;total output;money lender;draught animal;Agricultural Innovation;land use;survey data;marginal farmer;land market;demographic process;dramatic change;rural life;cultivated area;rural work;



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