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Lao People's Democratic Republic - Additional Financing of Khammouane Development Project : indigenous peoples planning framework : Ethnic Groups Policy Framework (EGPF) (Inglês)

The project development objective (PDO) of the Khammouane Development Project (KDP) additional financing will be the same as that of the original project i.e. to strengthen the planning process and public financial management associated with decentralized delivery of services and infrastructure, including irrigation development in Khammouane Province. The challenges faced by vulnerable ethnic groups in Lao PDR can be grouped into three areas. The first is linked to transitions taking place in the uplands. Indeed, the market-economy, the changes taking place at the village level (for example mixed villages) and issues related to land use, have a direct impact on ethnic groups’ lifestyles and quality of life; and may contribute to increasing the ethnic groups’ vulnerabilities. In fact, it appears that vulnerable ethnic groups may not be able to make the most out of the market-economy opportunities with women being the least able to. Secondly, institutional changes, such as the creation of the khumban committees, also have a direct impact on vulnerable ethnic groups insofar as they demonstrate the difficulties faced by these groups in accessing information and being represented in decision-making; thus, contributing to negotiation discussions that may be imbalanced. Lastly, the changes mentioned above, also have an impact on traditional gender roles that may lead to persistent gaps between men and women, especially those belonging to vulnerable ethnic groups.

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