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Poverty in rural and semi-urban Mexico during 1992-2002 (Inglês)

This paper analyzes poverty in rural and semi-urban areas of Mexico (localities with less than 2,500 and 15,000 inhabitants, respectively) and provides guidance on a social agenda and poverty alleviation strategy for rural Mexico. The analyses are based on INIGH and ENE data sets for 1992-2002. Monetary extreme poverty affected 42 percent of the rural dwellers in dispersed rural areas and 21 percent in semi-urban areas in 2002, slightly less than one decade earlier. Most of the rural poor live in dispersed rural areas and 13.2 million people live in poverty in rural Mexico with less than 15,000 inhabitants. It is disproportionately a feature of households whose main job is in the agricultural sector, as self-employed farmers or rural laborers, and that have at most a primary education. However, the incidence of extreme rural poverty has declined since 1996 but at a slower pace than the decline in urban poverty. Hence, the rural-urban poverty gap increased in recent years and in some places extreme poverty is at least four times higher in rural than in urban areas. Moreover, not only is the income gap in urban areas increasing, but also the gap between richer and poorer segments of the population in the rural areas is growing. Finally, the gap between rich and poor regions is still large.


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    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

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    América Latina e Caribe,

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    Poverty in rural and semi-urban Mexico during 1992-2002

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    rural area;household head;extreme poverty;Secretariat of Social Development;higher level of education;female labor force participation;rural poverty reduction strategy;salaried worker;rural population;degree of poverty;determinants of poverty;rural labor market;upper secondary education;headcount poverty rate;share of children;depth of poverty;population growth rate;demographic change;primarily due;labor market participation;poor rural household;difference in income;information on population;remote rural area;information on poverty;economically active population;complete primary education;impact on poverty;poverty gap measure;incomes of workers;area under irrigation;national household survey;soil conservation technique;living in poverty;poverty reduction effort;high fertility rate;working age population;poverty alleviation strategy;number of jobs;labor market structure;rural population growth;public sector investment;rate of growth;consequences of fertility;distribution of resource;cost of irrigation;extreme poor household;escape poverty;agricultural sector;Rural Poor;urban population;negative effect;nonfarm sector;income gap;



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