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Bhutan - Decentralized Rural Development Project - environmental assessment report and environmental management framework (Inglês)

This environmental assessment and environmental management framework for the Bhutan Decentralized Rural Project anticipates negative environmental impacts and proposes measures to mitigate them. Avoid road construction within 50 meters of any cultural sites and in environmentally sensitive areas. To reduce erosion and sedimentation, plan proper drainage;specify side drain water discharge at every available stream crossing; specify erosion protection measures for all discharge structure locations and low-cost erosion protection measures. Minimize felling of trees and plant areas where vegetation has been damaged; avoid downhill disposal of excavated material; and designate safe places for disposal of debris. Carry out bioengineering on bare slopes and vulnerable areas. To control noise, ban blasting but where unavoidable and authorized, low-impact blasting techniques to be strictly employed during specified daytime hours. Construct catch drains to tap excess water and drain off natural streams and gullies. Protect slopes from grazing. Rehabilitate scarred areas with planting of indigenous tree species and other greening works. To limit seepage when building and operating irrigation systems, provide catch drains and drains under canal, construct covered canal, encourage use of dry land cultivation and/or tree planting above canal, divert any additional sources of water from slip area to nearby streams and other safer areas, and If necessary, extend down slope retaining wall foundation down to rock. Avoid construction of heavy retaining walls, breast walls and cross drainage structures; keep slope cutting to the minimum necessary; and keep clearance of trees and other vegetative cover along the canal alignment to the minimum necessary. Use local architectural features to the extent possible and design the physical features to gel with the surrounding landscape. Provide adequate sanitation facilities (septic tank, toilets, etc) in proportion to expected number of users. Construct temporary pit latrines for the workers; and pits for disposal of domestic materials. Identify safe places for disposal of excavated material and construction debris and dispose only in these places. After construction, rehabilitate areas that have been scarred during construction with planting of trees and flowers and other ornamental measures.


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    Bhutan - Decentralized Rural Development Project - environmental assessment report and environmental management framework

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    Full Environmental Assessment;protected area;mitigation measure;broadleaf forest;gross domestic product per capita;demand for access to market;construction of farm road;conservation management plan;Environmental and Social Impact;sectoral environmental assessment;community infrastructure and services;Management of Natural Resources;power tiller road;irrigation scheme;adverse environmental impact;critical wildlife habitat;renewable natural resource;rural infrastructure development;Integrated Pest Management;glacial lake outburst;national environmental management;Environmental Policy;coniferous forest;private service provider;Diversified Farm Income;species of mammal;construction and rehabilitation;environmentally friendly road;local public good;damage to infrastructure;species of bird;total livestock population;transfer of fund;average annual rainfall;temperate coniferous forests;power transmission line;crude death rate;adult literacy rate;gross national product;environmentally sound development;land use survey;global biodiversity hotspots;Promoting Private Sector;national policy framework;national food security;mining and mineral;rapid population growth;application of pesticide;construction of market;conservation of forest;code of conduct;support Rural Development;world health organization;sources of fund;significant adverse impact;damage to property;institutional strengthening;musk deer;field visits;livestock rearing;alpine meadows;consultative meeting;natural environment;golden langur;social forestry;mule track;threatened species;fish eagle;crop agriculture;cultural property;environmental aspect;agricultural output;environmental risk;irrigation channel;institutional mechanism;economic infrastructure;decentralization process;market access;rural community;forest coverage;blue sheep;productive land;human life;vegetation zone;high altitude;heavy monsoon;climatic condition;spot check;wildlife sanctuary;trained manpower;financial resource;environmental problem;pygmy hog;literature review;social screening;snow leopard;Social Assessment;community representative;written authorization;natural disaster;water source;environmental terms;forest product;working condition;arable agriculture;Public Services;supply chain;mountain ecosystem;interest group;forest production;golden cat;community empowerment;wild fauna;land clearance;vascular plant;flying squirrel;safe practice;nature reserve;irrigation works;social issue;regular monitoring;subtropical forest;Irrigated Agriculture;important component;environmental conservation;market expansion;prototype designs;urban concentration;rural place;tree planting;Population Density;formative years;suspension bridge;agricultural process;political will;agricultural field;financial gap;decentralization legislation;water user;infrastructure needs;tax revenue;monsoon rains;flash flood;heavy rain;income gain;Cultural Heritage;population pressure;scrub forest;good governance;retail trade;Real estate;business service;personal service;employment generation;political leadership;environment conservation;elected representative;decentralization policy;rural economy;rural income;project construction;main river;subtropical conditions;life expectancy;school enrolment;cultural integrity;project costing;institutional responsibilities;employment opportunities;protection measure;safeguard policy;Safeguard Policies;field trip;mountainous country;sea level;physiographic zones;environmental measure;institutional measure;flow chart;distribution list;contract specification;leaf litter;grazing right;social condition;water course;adversely impact;local knowledge;specific clause;compensatory measure;corrective action;site monitoring;environmental mitigation;initial investment;ecological value;employment opportunity;rural area;natural habitat;environmental benefit;urban development;field investigation;sustainable limits;legal framework;pesticide distribution;human beings;consultation process;buffer zone;hydropower development



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