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Yemen civil society organizations in transition (Árabe)

Civil society in Yemen is vibrant and diverse but highly fragmented. It includes independent registered and organized civic groups, less organized local self-help organizations, and charity oriented groups. The first period, from 1950 to 1963, saw a growth in associational activity in the modern enclave of late colonial Aden and within the protectorates of the northern imamate amidst heavy immigration and modernization. A second stage of development took place in the late 1970s and 1980s with very little central control but exceptional affluence thanks to remittances from citizens employed in the Gulf. As the political transition in Yemen continues, there is renewed interest in engaging local Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in the process of service delivery, decentralization, institution building and in encouraging inclusion and greater citizen participation. The Government has requested that the World Bank update its earlier work on CSOs in Yemen to map and to assess the capacities of present-day, development-oriented CSOs in five governorates. Nearly all of the CSOs that participated in this study were formally registered, non-governmental organizations that were generally independent of tribal or religious affiliation. There is an important opening in Yemen at present to encourage greater social accountability among CSOs and through CSO-Government partnerships. Social accountability includes a growing emphasis on beneficiary engagement in monitoring and assessing government performance as well as service providers, particularly in providing feedback on, and voicing demand for, improved service delivery. Based on this study's findings, it is recommended that the Government reform CSOs-related procedures, including registration, re-licensing, and decentralize avenues for CSO-ministry collaboration on service delivery and standards development to the governorate-level branches of the respective Ministries. Finally, it is recommended that training be made available for Yemeni journalists that cover the work of the country's civic sector or development issues in general.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2013/06/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Outro estudo sobre proteção social

  • No. do relatório

    81095

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Iêmen, República do

  • Região

    Oriente Médio e Norte da África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2013/09/18

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Yemen civil society organizations in transition

  • Palavras-chave

    Accountability, accountability measures, accreditation, accreditation standards, advocacy, anti-corruption, banks, beneficiaries, best practices, budget transparency, business community, Business Management, businessmen, Capacity Building, CBO, charitable organizations, citizen, citizen engagement, citizen feedback, citizen participation, citizen voice, citizens, civic activism, civic culture, Civic Engagement, civic groups, civic leaders, civic organizations, civic participation, civil rights, Civil Societies, Civil Society, civil society groups, Civil Society Organization, Civil Society Organizations, civil society work, code of ethics, collaboration, community consultation, community groups, community participation, complaint, complaints, consensus, constituencies, Constituency, constituents, constructive engagement, consultation, Consultations, contributions, crises, Data Collection, Democracy, democratic values, democratization, development actors, development agenda, development agendas, development community, development effectiveness, Economic Development, empowerment, empowerment of civil society, enabling environment, ethics, Figures, financial management, focus group, Focus Group Discussions, focus groups, food security, freedom of information, freedom of speech, good governance, governance indicators, governance processes, Governance program, government accountability, Government collaboration, government institutions, government officials, Government partnerships, government services, governmental Organization, governmental organizations, human resource, Human Resources, human rights, indigenous peoples, informal groups, informal organizations, information sharing, INGO, INGOs, Initiative, institution building, Integrity, interest groups, intermediaries, intermediary, international community, International Cooperation, International Development, international donors, international NGOs, interviews, journalists, knowledge sharing, laws, leadership, legal framework, legislation, line ministries, Local authorities, local civil society organizations, local communities, local development, local governance, local governments, Media, mobilization, National Dialogue, national governments, national level, national organizations, Natural Resources, NGO, nongovernmental organization, nongovernmental organizations, organizational capacities, Organizational Management, outreach, parliamentarians, participation of communities, participatory needs, Partnership Initiative, patronage, policy formulation, policy making, Political Economy, political interests, poverty reduction, private sector, private sector involvement, procurement, professional associations, Public awareness, public finances, public good, public life, public procurement, public service, public service delivery, Reconstruction, representatives, rules of conduct, self-help, service delivery, service providers, social accountability, social accountability mechanisms, Social Change, social cohesion, social development, Social Development Department, social groups, social responsibility, social service, social service delivery, Social Studies, Social Welfare, Stakeholder, Stakeholder Analysis, stakeholders, tax incentives, third sector, trade unions, training programs, transparency, transparent process, volunteerism, working groups, youth

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