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A planner's guide for selecting clean-coal technologies for power plants (Inglês)

This report has been prepared as a technology selection guide for the use of power system planners and engineers to facilitate the selection of cost-effective, environmentally friendly technologies for coal-based power generation in countries grappling with impending power and capital shortages in the face of stricter environmental regulations. The report focuses on plants greater than 100 MWe (Megawatt electric) in India and China. Technical, economic, and environmental information is provided on technologies for 1) coal quality/coal cleaning, 2) combustion, 3) SO2 (sulfur dioxide) emission control, 4) NOx (nitrogen oxide) emission control, 5) particulate emission control, and 6) waste handling. This report also provides help to understanding power and associated pollution control technologies, their cost and performance. The report contains a technology selection model--the Fast Track Model--and two realistic case studies. The model gives a working procedure for the technology selection phase of a prefeasibility study. Also included in the strategy guide are descriptions of low cost refurbishment options that can be carried out to increase efficiency, increase availability, and reduce operating and maintenance costs in an existing power plant.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Berglund,Anders, Deling,Rolf, Fritz,Jack J., Oskarsson,Karin, Snellman,Ulrika, Stenback,Olle

  • Data do documento

    1997/11/30

  • TIpo de documento

    Publicação

  • No. do relatório

    WTP387

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Índia,

    China,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/07/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    A planner's guide for selecting clean-coal technologies for power plants

  • Palavras-chave

    energy engineering;corporate governance;coal cleaning;burning low sulfur coal;efficiency of power generation;sulfur content of coal;operation and maintenance cost;air pollution control costs;local air quality standards;wet flue gas desulfurization;sorbent injection;sulfur removal;electricity production cost;ash content;pollution control technology;fluidized bed combustion;emission control technology;flue gas cleaning;pollution control equipment;clean coal technology;environmentally friendly technologies;cooling water system;cost and performance;choice of technology;independent power producer;coal cleaning technology;emission of particulate;high ash content;forced outage rate;electricity generation capacity;national agricultural research;transmission and distribution;cost generation;transfer of technology;thermal power plant;waste management scheme;power plant owner;power plant technology;emission of methane;pollution control system;amount of emissions;electricity generation sector;demand for power;international river basin;emission of carbon;wet scrubbing system;ambient air quality;high energy consumption;mechanized mining method;environmental management strategy;cost of waste;cost of transportation;cooler air;performance monitoring indicator;large power plant;burden of disease;lack of capital;high sulfur coal;power generation cost;emission reduction program;technology selection;wet scrubber;coal-fired power;power production;spray dry;investment cost;Electric Power;ash coal;combustion technology;power station;fuel switching;bituminous coal;flow diagram;combustion process;coal washing;emission level;public health;sulfur dioxide;fuel cost;peak load;heat value;combustion modification;global environment;waste handling;Capital Investments;fly ash;environmental requirement;particulate emission;power system;particulate removal;coal burn;plant efficiency;water pollution;environmental problem;coal production;coal consumption;waste production;electrostatic precipitator;energy conservation;hard coal;physical separation;transportation sector;handling equipment;bottom ash;nitrogen oxide;waste generation;retrofit application;personal communication;environmental regulation;annual production;boiler retrofit;energy loss;inert material;capital shortage;regulatory issue;environmental performance;moisture content;environmental issue;demand-side management;stack height;regulatory requirement;pension system;sustainable settlement;elemental sulfur;sulfur compound;electricity tariff;commercial applications;wage structure;ministerial meeting;health status;esp performance;emission requirement;installed capacity;base load;plant size;technology option;project finance;measuring equipment;coal mine;influencing factor;sulfur emission;generation efficiency;institutional change;coal quantity;subcritical pc;local ecosystems;aqueous discharge;feasibility level;waste water;local development;plant produce;fresh water;heavy rainfall;additional water;coal firing;power company;domestic demand;development phase;specific gravity;coal research;Industrialized countries;coal industry;foreign market;building material;cycle plant;hybrid system;safe disposal;waste utilization;civil engineering;health interventions;scrubber waste;ash resistivity;fabric filter;prefeasibility study;copyright notice;household heating;waste transport;analytical tool;analytical approach;noncommercial purposes;coal pulverizer;efficiency technology;water source;coal combustion;ash residue;classroom use;industrial energy;transport cost;environmental specialist;coal supply;asian countries;household level;efficiency result;coal boiler;negative effect;carbon dioxide;electrical generation;domestic manufacturer;new technology;increased demand;electrical energy;boiler system;sulfur reduction;coal resource;suspended solid;airport infrastructure;cost decrease;legislative instrument;dry gas;combustion chamber;raw coal;plant performance;coal ash;coal price;industry sector;intense competition;computer model

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