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Laos - Second Education Development Project : environmental assessment (Inglês)

The Second Educational Development Project for Laos, consist of small buildings, and the largest school building size will be of six rooms. Minor environmental and social impacts are anticipated. Some of the risks include asbestos, water pollution from latrines, and erosion due to benching. The villages will have substantial opportunities to direct wage and materials income to the village, and also retain a net profit within the village. This represent a positive opportunity for the village to develop its management capacity, and improve its financial position. There is a risk that the sudden inflow of funds will stress the relationships among the groups, and lead to disputes, or the strengthening of any existing internal inequities. The school construction might be used as a driver or incentive for resettlement, the project might be rolled out in such a way as to further disadvantage already disadvantaged groups, such as ethnic minorities or that land acquisition for school construction might affects individual families. Building design will include a simple siting guide for latrines to prevent that this effluent contaminates sources of drinking water. All expenditures will be according to a simple procurement plan which will be approved unanimously by the School Procurement Committee. Composition of the Committee includes all clans and ethnic groups. The Committee will ensure that the procurement not only represents good value for money, but distributes benefits such as employment equitably among the groups within the community.

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