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Nicaragua - Natural Disaster Vulnerability Reduction Project (Inglês)

Ratings for the Natural Disaster Vulnerability Reduction Project for Nicaragua were as follows: outcomes were satisfactory, the risk to development outcome was moderate, Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and Borrower performance was also moderately satisfactory. Some lessons learned included: a monitoring and evaluation framework that includes outcome indicators is necessary to measure results, as is an effective supervision team. Ideas for possible outcome indicators could include improvements in quality standards (for works), skills tests (for training), drills and practical tests (for new equipment and procedures). Disaster risk management is an excellent basis for a national/municipal/territorial development strategy. Including risk as a factor of consideration in development encourages preventive and mitigating action across sectors, allowing for more sustainable achievements on the path to development. It also allows for participatory processes developing consensus toward a common future. Unlike emergency response, prevention entails a change in behavior. Establishing a culture of prevention therefore takes time, and requires dedication and resources over multiple years and activities. The project shows that a combination of analytical work (risk mapping) followed by a concrete action (mitigation works) is a good way to keep actors involved through a full project cycle leading to tangible change in perception, behavior and capacity to manage risks. Disaster risk management institutions are frequently over stretched between regular operations and emergencies. This means a project implementation unit should have clear roles, so that staff can continue to work on on-going projects independent of staff tending to the emergency. This will ensure continuity, and is especially important in countries with highly recurrent events.


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    Conclusão da Implementação e Relatórios sobre Resultados

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    América Latina e Caribe,

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    Nicaragua - Natural Disaster Vulnerability Reduction Project

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    IEG evaluations;disaster risk management;social investment fund;natural disaster vulnerability reduction;national system for disaster;vulnerability to natural disasters;impact of climate change;effects of hurricane;Foreign disaster assistance;ip disbursements archived;Public and Private Institution;disaster mitigation measure;rural sector development;emergency operations center;early warning system;land use plan;transportation and infrastructure;agriculture and forestry;building local capacity;population at risk;hazard risk mapping;local emergency preparedness;flow of information;net present value;adverse environmental impact;source of financing;short term impact;vulnerability to disaster;cost benefit analysis;implementation of mitigation;adaptable program loan;Country Assistance Strategies;formulation of strategies;emergency management system;lack of ownership;readiness for implementation;natural disaster management;financial risk transfer;formal education system;country assistance strategy;Disaster Risk Reduction;risk management system;vulnerability assessment;disaster awareness;emergency response;Natural Event;Municipalities;outcome indicator;natural hazard;staff turnover;public awareness;national budget;risk assessment;autonomous region;territorial planning;disaster emergency;results framework;awareness program;vulnerable communities;processing time;National Institutions;public policy;hazard map;response time;educational curriculum;political context;procurement process;procurement activities;mitigation program;hazard analysis;community vulnerability;educational material;risk financing;political capital;investment opportunities;government capacity;scientific community;communications equipment;surveillance system;internal reporting;government staff;impact indicator;comprehensive view;emergency equipment;intermediate outcome;continuous basis;internal control;refresher course;vulnerable population;human population;disaster simulation;tax collection;government commitment;prevention activities;government's commitment;institutional weakness;standard procurement;public consultation;response plan;tax revenue;national territory;municipal response;fm rating;limited resources;hurricane season;project costing;gender aspect;beneficiary survey;safeguard issue;screening procedure;national risk;stakeholder workshop;standard procedure;natural habitat;important component;financial proposal;geophysical research;environmental study;procurement issue;total credit;financial reporting;government use;constitutional power;modernization program;territorial issue;poverty alleviation;catastrophic event;agricultural land;export crop;poor community;government capability;urban settlement;primary author;institution building;municipal governance;civil society;policy priority;mitigation activity;prevention measures;geographic location;rural community;disbursement profile;red cross;legal framework;disbursement rate;communication studies;university level;communication programs;building design;disaster reconstruction;flood hazard;high traffic;international community;Poverty Analysis;building code;communication media;target beneficiary;construction standard;risk identification;extreme event;field visits;budget line;process use;vulnerability study;exchange rate;resettlement policy;Exchange Rates;awareness campaign;communication strategy;multiplier effect;national assembly;paradigm shift;technical expertise;local development;urban sector;human capital;disaster expert;investment design;government entity;preventive approach;capital stock;building standard;financial program;educational initiative;annual deaths;volcanic eruption;food aid;social communication;infrastructure damage;regional initiative;municipal authority;awareness building;environmental review;



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