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Urban Mass Transit : A Lifeline for the World's Growing Cities (Inglês)

As developing countries continue to urbanize, cities are increasingly important engines of economic development. The challenge for many developing cities is to achieve economic growth that is also equitable, inclusive, and sustainable. Achieving this vision for prosperous and livable cities will require transport policies and systems that deliver sustainable mobility for all through accessibility, efficiency, safety and appropriate environmental considerations. Urban mobility enables cities and their residents to flourish by providing universal accessibility to jobs, services, markets, and other opportunities that enhance quality of life. As cities grow, densify, and become congested, high-quality public transport is essential for achieving sustainable mobility and supporting economic development for all residents. Lower-income urban residents rely disproportionally on public transport and non-motorized transport (walking and biking) for their daily travel needs. Without fast, secure, and affordable public transport, many people are forced to spend more time and limited income on commuting, or greatly limit their job options and other opportunities. Moreover, urban roads are often over-used by private automobilesand motorized two-wheelers to the detriment of public transport and non-motorized modes, resulting in excessive congestion, road injuries and fatalities, air and noise pollution, global emissions, and other negative externalities. Therefore, dense urban areas and high-demand corridors often require rapid transit or mass transit solutions—such as urban rail (metro, commuter rail), light rail transit (LRT), or bus rapid transit (BRT)—to provide high-capacity transport on exclusive rights-of way in a safe, clean, and affordable manner. As cities and regions continue to grow anddensify, increasing travel demand often necessitates the development of projects in cities and regions with little or no experience in this area.

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