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Decarbonizing Cities By Improving Public Transport and Managing Land Use and Traffic : Discussion Paper (Inglês)

Urban transport is a significant contributor to climate-warming greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in cities, with most urban transport emissions coming from cars. More than seventy percent of global carbon dioxide emissions come from cities, making mitigation efforts at the local level an important contributor to decarbonization. Urban transport also plays a fundamental role in the economic activity and welfare of urban citizens. Therefore, developing cities must find a way to continue to improve accessibility, while decoupling growth in travel demand from growth in GHG emissions. Affordable, safe, and convenient urban passenger mobility systems are critical for the welfare of urban residents, connecting people to jobs, education, health care, and recreation. This paper argues that cities in developing countries have a unique opportunity to preserve and encourage sustainable urban passenger mobility by building on their existing modal shares in public transport, walking, and biking the low carbon modes. Section 2 of this paper provides additional detail on key mobility and land use challenges that developing cities are facing. Section 3 outlines strategies to overcome the challenges. Section 4 summarizes the high-level takeaways and suggests a way forward for the international community to support city governments in providing better transport infrastructure, services, and enabling environments to ensure their long-term financial and environmental sustainability.


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    Ardila Gomez,Arturo, Bianchi Alves,Bianca, Moody,Joanna Charlotte

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    Regiões Mundiais,

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    Discussion Paper

  • Palavras-chave

    Public Transport; land use regulation; transit-oriented development; passengers per day per bus; efficient land use regulation; information and communication technology; global carbon dioxide emission; level of car ownership; houses in slum areas; investment need; frequency of service; public transport vehicle; minimum parking requirement; urban transport system; floor area ratio; parking policy; lower income group; public transport service; public transit service; existing bus route; urban development; Traffic; barrier to entry; bus rapid transit; land use plan; billion people; land use planning; people with disability; improved public; public transport network; public space; public transport operator; sustainable urban development; affordable public transport; travel by car; Road Traffic Crashes; employee will re; health care service; public transport coverage; private vehicle travel; poor traffic management; urban labor market; urban passenger transport; sustainable development goals; urban transport emission; concentration of people; international energy agency; number of passengers; comprehensive parking policy; low income areas; property tax collection; real estate price; emission control technology; air quality problem; design of transport; division of labor; energy for transport; source of revenue; real estate development; real estate market; public parking facility; mode of transport; per capita income; public transport trip; low income people; lack of integration; urban land market; supply of land; area traffic control; due process requirements; Marked Pedestrian Crossings; good transport infrastructure; sustainable urban transport; level of motorization; road capacity expansion; burning fossil fuel; bus owner; bus company; parking space; total travel; urban mobility; road safety; modal street



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