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Guide for designing mandatory greenhouse gas reporting programs (Inglês)

Over the past decade, greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting programs have emerged at the regional, national, and subnational levels to provide information on emission sources and trends. As more jurisdictions plan to design and implement these programs, this report draws on the experience of 13 existing and proposed programs to guide policymakers and practitioners in developing GHG reporting programs. Businesses, industry associations, civil society, and funding agencies may also find this guide useful in facilitating their participation in the development of a reporting program. GHG reporting programs can be voluntary or mandatory. Unlike a voluntary program (in which participation is voluntary), a mandatory program obligates entities (companies and facilities) to report their emissions at regular intervals. This report focuses on mandatory reporting programs, but much of the information can be applied to the design of voluntary programs. Mandatory reporting programs provide credible information about GHG emissions and their sources, which can help establish a strong foundation to support mitigation policies. These programs also enable governments and industries to understand their emissions-related risks and opportunities so they can efficiently focus on mitigation activities that will produce the greatest GHG reductions. Mandatory reporting programs bring consistency and enhanced accuracy in reporting entity-level emission through rigorous calculation and quality management methods.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Singh,Neelam, Bacher, Kathryn, Song, Ranping, Sotos, Mary, Yin, Lei

  • Data do documento

    2015/05/27

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    96632

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Mundo,

  • Região

    Regiões Mundiais,

  • Data de divulgação

    2015/05/27

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Guide for designing mandatory greenhouse gas reporting programs

  • Palavras-chave

    Partnership for Market Readiness;compliance and enforcement arrangement;legal and regulatory framework;greenhouse gas emission allowance;climate change mitigation policy;emission trading scheme;types of emission;unit of output;fossil fuel combustion;Climate Change Policy;environmental protection act;choice of objectives;energy efficiency policy;human resource capacity;communication service provider;law and regulation;confidential business information;global warming potential;emissions from sources;allocation of investment;default emission factors;allocation of allowances;greenhouse gas accounting;planning and design;research and preparation;national climate change;amount of fuel;program design element;quality assurance program;legislation and regulation;emission datum;mandatory reporting;program objectives;program administrator;data quality;Emissions Accounting;data management;stakeholder engagement;emission source;Climate Risk;carbon tax;legal system;reporting requirement;program coverage;existing law;legal review;trade scheme;primary legislation;verification system;multiple policy;carbon market;program administration;support policy;skilled staff;mitigation strategy;emission reporting;secondary legislation;base year;stated objective;financial resource;calculation methods;data system;Funding agencies;industry sector;legal penalty;domestic policies;corporate sustainability;emission inventory;independent assessment;indirect emission;consumption threshold;reporting procedure;administrative burden;long-term sustainability;technical competence;program review;Data Protection;voluntary participation;business association;energy strategies;emission information;emission trajectories;emission trend;sensitive information;local law;program structure;administrative efficiency;enforcement measures;nature conservation;financially support;regular exchanges;legal specialist;database system;absolute reduction;transparent process;skill set;adequate resources;software developer;law source;regular staff;reporting obligation;graduate degree;industry knowledge;legal arrangement;electricity generator;qualified consultant;technical expertise;companies act;administrative capacity;potential conflicts;competent authority;existing capacity;energy audits;judicial court;Management Systems;good governance;program planning;stakeholder consultation;enforcement provision;accreditation agency;legislative framework;professional conduct;energy data;Clean Energy;program operations;program oversight;data confidentiality;political context;individual jurisdiction;pollution control;emission estimate;emission calculation;voluntary initiatives;annual emission;total emissions;liable entity;tax scheme;aggregate emission;industrial process;literature review;mitigation efforts;management procedure;carbon footprint;emissions intensity;annual reporting;emission profile;emission threshold;consumer demand;energy price;energy statistic;inadequate capacity;carbon price;advocacy campaign;program guide;civil society;climate action;foreign affair;policy formulation;emission projection;energy production;cost of energy production;emission emission;raise awareness;management method;initial learning;large emission;industry association;subnational levels;energy policies;environmental agency;energy management;trading programs;tax credit;global initiative;baseline emission;monitoring methodology;

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