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Elaboration of integration strategies for urban marginalized communities : integrated summary : Elaborarea strategiilor de integrare a comunitatilor urbane marginalizate in Romania : sinteza generala (Romeno)

For the 2014-2020 programming period, the Government of Romania (GoR) is considering a new approach proposed by the European Commission (EC) - Community-Led Local Development (CLLD). CLLD comes with a unique set of challenges. These include making sure that the process is truly inclusive, community-led, transparent, and focused on peer-to-peer learning across communities and other stakeholders. The GoR should carefully weigh potential benefits and risks of applying the CLLD approach and put in place an adequate implementation framework with sufficient risk mitigating measures before pursuing CLLD. The World Bank undertook this advisory activity to help the GoR put in place an implementation framework for CLLD in Romania, should it want to go ahead with this approach. It includes a proposed definition of urban marginalized communities, the population group that the GoR wants to target by CLLD. The definition is based on a review of the Romanian literature on (urban) marginalization and on qualitative research in ten cities. It also includes guidelines for CLLD implementation based on EC guidance, extensive field work, and an assessment of lessons learned of similar programs in Romania and elsewhere. Moreover, detailed maps of urban marginalized areas across Romania are presented. These are based on a set of indicators, for which data are available in the 2011 Population and Housing Census dataset. Six conceptual pilots have been prepared that are based on simulated CLLD processes and can serve as examples for municipalities/NGOs that could be applying for EU funding through the CLLD approach, during the 2014-2020 programming period. This extensive summary brochure presents a synopsis of all findings and messages across the outputs produced under this activity.


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    Swinkels,Robertus A

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    Documento de Trabalho

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    Elaborarea strategiilor de integrare a comunitatilor urbane marginalizate in Romania : sinteza generala

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    Access to Information, access to services, action plan, action plans, animation, audits, beneficiaries, Best practices, boundaries, budget allocation, business environment, CAPACITY BUILDING, capacity-building, cities, collaboration, collaborative projects, communes, communication campaigns, communication strategy, Communication Technology, Communities, Community based monitoring, community development, community development projects, community empowerment, community involvement, community members, community monitoring, community networking, community planning, Consultation, crime, data analysis, Data collection, decision making, decision-making, decisionmaking, delivery system, description, development planning, Development Strategies, discussions, documents, dwellings, electricity, eligibility criteria, entry points, evaluation activities, EXCHANGE OF GOOD, external consultants, facilitators, financial management, financial resources, flexibility, functionality, Ghetto, ghettos, good practice, horizontal integration, house prices, households, houses, Housing, Housing Census, housing conditions, human capital, Human Resource, Human Resource Development, ICT, idea, identity, impact assessment, IMPACT EVALUATION, income, independent monitoring, information campaigns, information system, infrastructure development, inhabitants, Innovation, inspection, installations, Institution, institutional capacity, institutional framework, Integration, interest groups, intermediate outcomes, intervention, interventions, knowledge base, leading, learning, learning activities, lessons learned, lessons learnt, livelihood, living conditions, local authority, local governments, logic, M&E activities, M&E arrangements, marginalized groups, material, midterm reviews, neighborhood, neighborhoods, NGO, output indicators, overcrowding, participatory approach, participatory methods, participatory monitoring, participatory process, Partnership Agreement, peer-to-peer, people with disabilities, Photo, poor housing, Private sector, programs, project implementation, project management, project objectives, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, qualitative research, REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT, result, RESULTS, Rural area, Rural Development, shelters, shops, slum, Slum area, slum areas, slums, social capital, Social Development, social enterprise, social exclusion, social inclusion, social services, structured learning, supervision, Targeting, targets, technical assistance, technical skills, technical standards, technical support, thinking, towns, training manuals, transparency, urban area, urban areas, Urban development, urban population, verification, virtual community, written document, youth



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