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The impact of regional liberalization and harmonization in road transport services : a focus on Zambia and lessons for landlocked countries (Inglês)

Based on a detailed empirical study, this paper argues that regional liberalization of trucking services has had an important effect on transport costs and tariffs for Zambia's economy. Zambia is a peculiar example in Southern Africa as it benefits from relatively low transport costs compared with other landlocked countries in Africa. This is mainly because of competition between Zambian and other regional, mainly South African, operators and because of South African investments in Zambia's trucking industry. As a result, the costs of operators registered in Zambia and South Africa are similar. The study also demonstrates that enhancing trucking interoperability in Southern Africa would significantly impact positively the Zambian trucking industry's competitiveness. The main measures to significantly increase trucking competitiveness in the region would more likely derive from reducing fuel costs in Zambia, improving border-post operations, and relaxing South African truck import rules.


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    Giersing,Bo, Kunaka,Charles, Raballand,Gael J. R. F.

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    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

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    The impact of regional liberalization and harmonization in road transport services : a focus on Zambia and lessons for landlocked countries

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    trucking company;third party liability insurance;demand for transport service;transport cost;demand for road transport;road transport sector;road user charge;market entry;landlocked country;bilateral agreement;delays at border;free trade area;fuel cost;transport tariff;road transport service;regional road transport;axle load limit;third-party insurance;inefficient transport services;Road User Fees;road transport industry;liberalization of market;cross border freight;maintenance of road;motor vehicle industry;market entry barrier;economies of scale;efficiency of road;port of entry;vehicle operating cost;high accident rate;transport operating cost;national service providers;competitiveness of export;diesel fuel cost;higher fuel price;cost of road;transport infrastructure development;landlocked developing countries;harmonization of rules;heavy goods vehicle;freight transport services;national road network;conditions of payment;minimum safety standard;flow of good;loss of life;border post;railway tariff;truck industry;high road;truck operating;foreign operators;heavy truck;vessel call;market access;fuel levy;transport operator;total trade;International Trade;bulk good;transport prices;large operator;trucking service;longer distance;agricultural sector;high transport;freight flow;



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