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Peru - What are the Challenges in Introducing a Results-Based Approach for the Selection of School Principals (Inglês)

The quality of school management can have a large impact on student learning. Evidence from a wide range of countries demonstrates that improving the management practices of principals is associated with gains in student achievement. However, in many countries, the selection of school principals is not based on achievement or merit but on seniority or even favoritism and political affiliation. To explore the efficacy of a results-based system for choosing and compensating principals, the results for education for all children (REACH) trust fund financed the evaluation of a large-scale reform of principal selection in Peru. In 2013, the Government of Peru decided to introduce a reform that introduced the merit-based selection of principals. Despite the successful implementation of the reform, the study found that the meritocratic selection of principals did not have any significant effects on student achievement in urban areas and had only a short-term negative (yet persistent) impact in rural areas. The government recently updated the reform to provide principals in rural areas with more training and support, and to offer promotion opportunities to skilled principals.

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