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Gender-related impacts and the work of the International Agricultural Research Centers (Inglês)

It is becoming increasingly evident that the achievement of meeting aggregate food needs so that malnutrition and hunger are reduced cannot be accomplished if women's roles in production and food systems are not taken into account. Neglect of gender issues in agricultural research and technology development holds output and welfare below potential. Normative views of appropriate male and female roles are challenged by evidence of the preponderance of households headed by women among the urban and rural poor, the necessity of female income for family survival, and the scale of women's participation in agricultural production, food processing and trading, food preservation and preparation. In addition to methodological weaknesses built into current research programming, insufficient attention has been paid by agricultural researchers to the institutional barriers which inhibit the exchange of relevant experience and information between women, agricultural researchers and extension agents. The IARCs' staffing and training practices tend both to exaggerate and to reinforce existing barriers.


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    Jiggins, Janice

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    Gender-related impacts and the work of the International Agricultural Research Centers

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    consultative group on international agricultural research;international agricultural research center;male head of household;gender division of labor;technology development;market wage rate;preparation of food;distribution of food;increase in income;responsibility of men;barrier to woman;income and expenditure;allocation of obligation;real wage rate;women in society;proportion of woman;poor rural household;resource allocation decision;plant genetic resource;black box approach;unpaid family worker;crossbred dairy cattle;types of fuel;utilization of biomass;labor market opportunities;information on gender;farming system research;labor market behavior;long distance market;agricultural technology development;biological nitrogen fixation;return to investment;impact of technology;organization of research;cash flow problem;agricultural research investment;development of technology;high quality standard;test and evaluation;conflicts of interest;agricultural wage labor;pest management strategy;seminars and workshops;feminization of agriculture;gender issue;



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