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Environmental performance of Bank-financed coal-fired power plants in China (Inglês)

The study provides a comprehensive review of the environmental performance of Bank-financed coal-fired power plants in China since the mid 1980s, and assesses environmental compliance to agreed standards between the Bank and China, articulated in the Environmental Management Plans. It is highlighted that from a national perspective, the Bank's continued emphasis on environmental improvements, the use of more efficient power technologies, and economic policy advice, led to a far more efficient power sector than would have been possible otherwise. The environmental performance of thermal power plants is reviewed, where emissions and effluent water quality, as well as noise disturbances were measured, with specific observations drawn, stipulating that although plants were well maintained, it is clear that environmental management is not a major priority. Furthermore, public consultation and the notion of making environmental assessments locally available, is still not widely accepted. Recommendations include further examination on the environmental and financial aspects of improved coal quality; enhanced role of local environmental protection bureaus; increased environmental supervision and technical assistance of Bank projects; enhanced local environmental capacity, to in turn improve ash disposal, rationalize water pollution requirements, and optimize pollution control.


  • Autor

    Lanqing Jia Baratz, Bernard Fritz, Jack

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    Documento de Trabalho

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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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  • Nome do documento

    Environmental performance of Bank-financed coal-fired power plants in China

  • Palavras-chave

    considerable amount of time;large quantity of water;level of nitrogen oxide;total suspended particulates;air quality monitoring data;tons of sulfur dioxide;standard and guideline;central control room;sulfur content of fuel;sulfur content of coal;thermal power plant;coal-fired power;thermal power station;flue gas desulfurization;ambient air quality;air quality impact;ton of coal;sulfur dioxide emission;flue gas emission;pollution control equipment;coal sulfur content;amount of electricity;nitrogen oxide emission;increase energy efficiency;volatile organic compound;rail transportation system;coal utilization technology;unit of output;power generation technology;total electricity generation;fluidized bed combustion;environmental protection standard;acid rain abatement;clean coal technology;foreign direct investment;pollution abatement technologies;transmission and distribution;depth of analysis;power plant development;average wind speed;pollution control system;dust removal system;water quality monitoring;Solid Waste Management;energy sector policy;adverse environmental impact;impact from construction;test and evaluation;flue gas treatment;quality of water;oxide of nitrogen;construction and operation;power generation capacity;public participation requirements;flue gas concentration;power plant construction;allowable emission level;urban air pollution;ambient air standard;source of energy;high heating value;management of resources;effluent treatment facility;Environmental Management Plan;quantity of gas;environmental management program;electric power industry;high sulfur content;source of pollution;air quality data;reduction of emission;wastewater treatment system;gas supply source;urban air quality;Environmental Assessment;environmental staff;cooling water;monitoring equipment;fly ash;daily maximum;environmental performance;ash content;baseline data;environmental issue;construction phase;plant operation;environmental monitoring;effluent standard;liquid effluent;monitoring program;stack height;public consultation;environmental standard;esp efficiency;exhaust gas;heat value;secondary treatment;sulfur oxide;positive impact;coal ash;heat rate;dispersion model;particulate emission;ambient condition;dust emission;construction material;emission standard;site visits;local power;plant efficiency;disposal site;plant level;coal consumption;maximum emission;transmission line;cooling system;rational approach;good performance;ground level;sulfur emission;plant design;environmental supervision;mathematical model;classification system;coal equivalent;assessment procedure;ash disposal;heavy metal;private power;overseas training;industrial sector;discharge standard;generating capacity;plant use;environmental requirement;fuel choice;commercial energy;operational strategy;thermal pollution;energy conservation;bottom ash;power shortage;receiving water;mass flow;sanitary wastes;air pollutant;energy conversion;dust collection;emergency equipment;installed capacity;power system;regional character;rural area;carbon dioxide;project finance;incremental cost;ash pond;ambient levels;hilly area;waste water;sound level;dominant fuel;pond drainage;safety valve;drainage system;effluent discharge;air floatation;underground water;environmental matters;waste discharge;temperature rise;noise standard;fuel use;emission control;carbon offset;binding commitment;assessment result;mitigation method;cleaner fuel;emission requirement;high-sulfur fuel;sorbent injection;coal cleaning;control of costs;hydro resources;sampling frequency;combustion modification;pollution source;land use;wastewater volume;water pollution;excess water;analytical procedure;environmental process;investment cost;civil works;volatile coal;local stakeholder;market readiness;water disposal;enforcement institution;remediation cost;performance requirement;fuel heat;cleaner coal;effluent limit;heat input;power technology;Economic Policy;information standard;trace metal;hydropower development



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