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Nepal - Bridges improvement and maintenance program : technical assessment (Inglês)

The Department of Road's (DOR's) program of Strategic Roads Network bridge investment (hereafter referred to as the 'SRN Bridge Program') is strategically relevant to Nepal's development. Strategic Road Network roads comprise Nepal's primary corridors for trade and economic activities. They also provide socially important connectivity between development regions. Current and planned SRN roads are essential for ensuring the sustainability of hard-won peace and stability by providing connectivity to post conflict areas in line with the Government of Nepal (GON) strategy of integration. DOR's approach to addressing SRN bridges through a dedicated program is technically sound for the following reasons: (i) the SRN is a nationally significant network of infrastructure assets that cannot function without bridges to connect different linkages; (ii) bridge structures are fundamentally different from roads and involve unique technical considerations; (iii) the political economy associated with SRN bridges is very different from other types of bridges; and (iv) many critical linkages of the SRN require a high density of bridges to provide year-round access. The DOR's has a bridge policy and strategy (2004) which sets out the overall vision for the SRN bridge program along with its intended outcomes. This, together with the public works directives, the guidelines for inspection and maintenance of bridges (2007) and DOR's environmental and social guidelines, provides a sound basis for the SRN bridge program. The Department of Roads is one of the GON's strongest implementing agencies and has benefited from a long history of interaction with the Bank and other development partners. This experience has helped the department to develop implementation frameworks that are in line with best practice. Applying these frameworks consistently, monitoring results and subsequently revising key processes to improve effectiveness is now the next stage in DOR's development and a key opportunity for the PforR approach to add value.

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