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Afghanistan - Interim strategy note for the period FY2012-2014 (Inglês)

Afghanistan is a country in conflict with improving, but still extremely fragile, state and civil society institutions. Despite the ongoing conflict and insecurity, there have been significant political achievements including two rounds of presidential and legislative elections (albeit with concerns about legitimacy) and the creation of an emerging media and Non-Government Organization (NGO) community. In terms of the economy and creation of institutions, there are visible gains including the development and roll-out of basic national programs in health, education and village level governance and service delivery, a functioning and credible public financial management system that has increased revenues from some $130 million in 2002 to $1.5 billion currently, a doubling of per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and significant improvements in human development indicators. These achievements, coming from an extraordinarily low base, are often overlooked in the face of more negative aspects insurgency and conflict, a constant opium trade, economic and political corruption, and inequity. The Bank's program in Afghanistan builds on the lessons from the World Development Report (WDR) taking into full account the period of uncertainty that we are entering. This ISN sets out the areas where the Bank has been and will remain engaged in helping the Government implement national priorities, but in full knowledge that in a fragile and highly politicized arena, the Bank will need to stay flexible in its engagements and realistic in terms of outcomes. This ISN covers the period during which Afghanistan will 'transition' and will be shaped by a significantly different reality. This includes both a security environment that shifts responsibility from the international military community (ISAF) to one that is Afghan-led, as well as an economic future that will have to depend much more heavily on domestic sources of revenue and growth and priorities set by the Government of Afghanistan rather than donors. While 2014 is meant to mark the end of the security transition, in reality it will not be a fixed moment in time. Rather, the remainder of this 3 year period should be seen as a critical time for Afghanistan which aims, with the support of the international community, to position itself to handle the future beyond 2014. It can be expected that the next 3 years will be particularly uncertain as the political economy changes radically: foreign troops leave, the amount of donor aid comes down, negotiations potentially begin to end the insurgency and Presidential elections are held. Because of this, the Bank's strategy is set out as an ISN with a shorter term outlook rather than a Country Partnership Strategy (CPS). The Bank's strategy and expectations of results will need to adjust to a very fluid situation.


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    Afghanistan - Interim strategy note for the period FY2012-2014

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    basic package of health services;public financial management system;average per capita income;analytical and advisory;Reproductive and Child Health;legal and justice system;horticulture and livestock;Micro and SME Finance;security and development;economics of transition;human development indicator;project financing;international community;security cost;government capacity;essential services;impact on poverty;Irrigation and Agriculture;service and infrastructure;terms of policy;maternal mortality ratio;infant mortality rate;risk of corruption;domestic revenue collection;Private Sector Growth;current account deficit;nominal exchange rate;financing development;underdeveloped financial sector;delivery of service;private sector activity;capacity of institutions;strengthening budget execution;reduction in poverty;investment in mining;service delivery institution;risk of debt;mobility of woman;female health workers;education and health;civil society institution;natural resource development;control of corruption;Rule of Law;long term growth;creation of institution;Internally Displaced People;aid flow;donor funding;real gdp;rural area;domestic sources;Aid Dependency;live birth;Population Growth;agricultural sector;budget process;fiscal space;national initiatives;favorable assumptions;military spending;absorptive capacity;financial inflow;household survey;transition period;government function;rural population;government system;political stability;donor assistance;priority program;ongoing conflicts;creating job;mediating structure;reducing tensions;funding resource;agriculture sector;aid agency;reconciliation process;private investment;social indicator;security environment;donor community;life expectancy;project grant;Enterprise Development;Natural Resources;inclusive growth;international market;health indicator;military assistance;government administration;donor financing;agriculture services;coherent framework;construction industry;health challenge;poverty targeting;land right;employment prospect;plateau areas;nomadic group;political risk;large town;health facility;dietary energy;minimum level;population estimate;immunization rate;budget formulation;urban sector;illicit activity;poverty affect;elite groups;private consumption;public resource;increase growth;political power;fund investment;aid effectiveness;opium economy;donor grant;heavy reliance;outward remittance;crowding out;net export;unrealistic budget;budget rigidity;operational budget;donor inflows;wage spending;equitable access;positive outcome;Aid Delivery;fiscal account;credible institution;improving governance;citizen security;legislative election;increasing transparency;Capital Investments;reconstruction activities;ancillary activities;agriculture production;climatic condition;fiscal revenue;external grant;political corruption;opium trade;consumption fuel;Job Creation;deleterious impact;fiscal constraint;agricultural land;agricultural crop;government effectiveness;judicial framework;debt level;legal right;political appointment;diverse population;affected country;judicial institution;Public Services;security arrangement;ethnic group;land bridge;donor activities;daily existence;local power;transition process;global market;field visits;macroeconomic framework;large portfolio;fragile environment;democratic state;capital asset;healthy growth;parliamentary election;democratic process;Revenue Management;international media;regulatory environment;innovative way;diplomatic mission;delivering services;donor flow;financing program;Financing programmes;significant threat;extractive sector;security situation;criminal profit;drug industry;alternative crop;National Institutions;finance strategy;Poverty Analysis;institution building;regional cooperation;Business Climate;security spending;Water Management;political solutions;gender issue;inclusive governance;social capital;rigorous standards;grant recipient;Economic Management;security forces;foreign assistance



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