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China small and medium town's overview (Inglês)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate substantially exceeded China's population growth, which averaged 1.4 percent annually between 1978 and 2009, and real GDP per capita accordingly grew at 8.6 percent annually during this period. China's urban population resides primarily in city districts (shiqu) and town districts (zhenqu), which constitute the urban core of larger administrative units called cities (shi) and respectively towns (zhen). Cities and towns in China are expansive regions, with administrative territories much larger than in the rest of the world (Chan 2007). Cities are conceptually equivalent to counties in the U.S. and thus the whole of China's territory is basically covered by 287 prefecture and provincial level municipalities, which within their area include 654 city districts - the cities proper in the conventional sense of this word - and 19,322 towns. Each town in turn includes a town district - an urban core that occupies a fraction of the town's area but accounts for most of the town's urban population. While cities and towns as a whole overlap in their administrative boundaries, with multiple towns nested within each city, city districts and town districts are disjoint structures, being urban embryos within the administrative boundaries of territorially larger cities and towns. The main purpose of this study is to examine the development and features of town districts (zhenqu) - the urbanized core of China's towns.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2012/04/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Esquema da Infraestrutura do País

  • No. do relatório

    70495

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    China,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação

    2012/06/26

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    China small and medium town's overview

  • Palavras-chave

    water supply and sewage;urban population growth;fast economic growth;growth and development;urban development investment;ethnic minority population;basic service provision;high population density;distribution of population;fixed asset investments;incentives for migration;urban infrastructure development;per capita investment;electric power sector;land use right;standard of living;disparity in income;share of investment;size of enterprise;shortage of capital;basic urban service;development of infrastructure;wastewater treatment facility;risk of default;real estate development;investment and development;gdp growth rate;goodness of fit;delivery of infrastructure;revenue from land;level of support;public infrastructure investment;city districts;urban core;rural population;municipal facility;administrative boundary;rapid urbanization;land area;high urbanization;district population;fiscal revenue;rural area;urban districts;Public Services;town governments;Public Facilities;income inequality;government budget;large town;land transfer;increasing inequality;autonomous region;financial market;provincial budget;real gdp;urban resident;industrial production;local source;township government;statistical data;city government;urbanized regions;migrant labor;population data;town development;urban system;central regions;local taxes;urban entity;Fixed Assets;food shortage;slope coefficient;tax receipt;state council;municipal corporation;bridge linking;statistical system;core city;food source;cultural revolution;human habitation;inland region;grassroots organization;coastal region;villagers committee;low density;young people;domestic loan;population distribution;rural resident;central city;future revenue;rural county;government issue;agricultural product;administrative level;urban facility;manufacturing industry;agricultural area;distribution center;public health;land revenue;civil affairs;increasing urbanization;public security;urban community;judicial administration;employment statistic;fixed share;allocation formula;environmental infrastructure;driving force;budgetary allocation;constant price;prices increase;public resource;massive investment;living condition;fiscal expenditure;productive infrastructure;observed increase;industrial enterprise;small population;fiscal support;Public Utilities;original language;rural-urban migration;employment pattern;market reform;revenue account;urbanized area;land development;fiscal decentralization;population number;Rural Sector;community center;tertiary industry;annual investment;securities issue;capital mobilization;important component;city expenditure;population increase;fiscal transfer;living standard;capital construction;job opportunity;coastal area;market financing;job opportunities;rural migrant;

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