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A trade development report - boom, bust and up again Evolution, drivers, and impact of commodity prices : implications for Indonesia (Vol. 2) : Main report (Inglês)

Indonesia is one of the largest commodity exporters in the world, and given its mineral potential and expected commodity price trends, it could and should expand its leading position. Commodities accounted for one fourth of Indonesia's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and more than one fifth of total government revenue in 2007. The potential for further commodity growth is considerable. Indonesia is the largest producer of palm oil in the world (export earnings totaled almost US$9 billion in 2007 and employment 3.8 million full-time jobs) and the sector has good growth prospects. It is also one of the countries with the largest mining potential in view of its second-largest copper reserves and third-largest coal and nickel reserves in the world. This report consists of seven chapters. The first six chapters present an examination and an analysis of the factors driving increased commodity prices, price forecasts, economic impact of commodity price increases, effective price stabilization policies, and insights from Indonesia's past growth experience. The final chapter draws on the findings of the previous chapters and suggests a development strategy for Indonesia in the context of high commodity prices. This section summarizes the contents of the chapters and their main findings.


  • Autor

    Aldaz-Carroll, Enrique

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  • TIpo de documento

    Comércio Exterior, IED e Fluxos de Capital

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  • País


  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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  • Nome do documento

    Main report

  • Palavras-chave

    Association of South East Asian;commodity price;food price;standard international trade classification;constant elasticity of substitution;high level of price;Central Bureau of Statistics;impact of price changes;implementation of policy responses;Oil and Gas Sector;Oil &Gas;price of rice;food commodity;commodity price volatility;rice price;international commodity price;general equilibrium model;impact on price;per capita expenditure;cost of production;Natural Resource Wealth;price of commodities;net food consumer;success and failure;good transport infrastructure;conditional cash transfer;price of sugar;cost of subsidy;production of ethanol;land use change;high income inequality;risk of corruption;high energy price;global food prices;commodity price index;increase in prices;natural resource endowment;terms of trade;total factor productivity;reduction in poverty;factor of production;demand for import;price of capital;speed of adjustment;palm oil production;pattern of change;international mining investor;quality of transport;engine of growth;per capita income;social accounting matrix;government bond yield;knowledge assessment methodology;outer ring road;exchange rate appreciation;international energy agency;loss of competitiveness;foreign direct investment;coefficient of variation;quality of infrastructure;chamber of commerce;sovereign wealth fund;commodity price shock;high commodity;domestic price;Exchange Rates;Natural Resources;increased demand;world price;cooking oil;world market;labor intensity;dutch disease;tradable sector;commodity market;poverty incidence;Biofuels;price stabilization;market integration;export price;remote province;employment impact;speculative activity;raw material;trade restriction;fertilizer price;wheat price;descriptive statistic;export restrictions;food crisis;fuel price;export ban;export growth;price difference;technological sophistication;global market;effective price;household expenditure;resource sector;sugar cane;factor return;important policy;Fuel Subsidies;severe shocks;Manufactures Unit Value Index;macroeconomic result;regional output;percent change;thin market;biofuel production;export performance;manufacturing export;regional growth;energy subsidies;foreign reserve;correlation matrix;comparative advantage;government revenue;commodity revenue;negative effect;real wage;price control;domestic economy;policy option;price transmission;import price;price differential;exporting country;government intervention;transport cost;rural transportation infrastructure;land productivity;Commodity future;export product;domestic production;price signal;direct negotiation;trade flow;improving infrastructure;bureaucratic impediments;civil society;production capacity;renewable fuel;political stability;mining investment;crop production;production practice;ethanol import;supply response;windfall revenues;export tax;agricultural income;mining area;removing tariffs;global growth;average price;minimum price;export concentration;grain consumption;export structure;oil seed;research institute;global development;comprehensive strategy;knowledge industry;human capital;vulnerable household;export basket;observed change;subsequent growth;public commitment;import demand;market fundamentals;increased supply;income earning;natural cause;crop failure;economic welfare;sectoral composition;maize market;financial crisis;stock exchange;primary commodity;business indicator;sea transport;food demand;factor income;technology intensity;mineral reserve;air passenger;ticket cost;production cost;international focus;greenfield investment;mineral price;investor protection;current income;strategic guidance;social assistance;export expansion;real return;primary sector;household survey;grain price;public market;public price;industry survey;milled rice;future price;input price;input cost;production area;market intervention;summary statistic;household category;household groups;staple food;large mining;export earnings;Trade Policy;Trade Policies



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