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Implementation of the European Union's nitrates directive in Turkey (Inglês)

The European Union's (EU's) nitrates directive aims to reduce water pollution caused or induced by nitrates from agricultural sources and to prevent further such pollution. Turkey being a candidate country to EU requires heavy cost investments in achieving approximation with EU environmental acquis. This paper provides a description of the technical measures and investment cost assessment related to the implementation of the nitrates directive in Turkey. As Turkey has not yet designated nitrate vulnerable zones (NVZs) according to requirements of the EU's nitrates directive, three scenarios were developed to estimate the capital investments needed for implementation of the nitrates directive. Based on the developed scenarios, the low cost scenario designating eight provinces as NVZs and requiring a total investment of Euro (EUR) 270 millions for the period 2007-2023 has been selected by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry within the EU integrated environmental approximation strategy for Turkey.


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    Girgin, Serkan, Jacobsen, Micheal, Kerestecioglu,Merih, Semeniene, Daiva, Valatka,Simonas, Yetis, Ulku, Yukseler, Hande

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    Implementation of the European Union's nitrates directive in Turkey

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    manure storage facility;investment need;land and water;Code of Good Agricultural Practices;desalination and water treatment;investment cost;total number of animal;operation and maintenance cost;capital investment cost;Farms with Livestock;manure pad;types of cost;initial set-up cost;capital investment need;crop production;cost scenario;application of fertilizer;agriculture and livestock;fruit and vegetable;wastewater treatment plant;surface water monitoring;share of investment;agricultural land area;food and agricultural;agricultural sector investment;common agricultural policy;drilling of well;aquatic ecosystem protection;quality control mechanism;animal husbandry system;contamination of water;nitrate pollution;cattle farms;livestock manure;farm size;agricultural sources;climatic condition;agricultural holdings;water quality;competent authority;nitrogen compound;small farm;coastal water;marine water;laboratory capacity;heavy investment;groundwater monitoring;liquid manure;groundwater well;fertilizer use;freshwater lake;Vegetable Production;sewage effluent;capital expenditure;statistical data;regional distribution;Livestock Production;livestock sector;rain water;large farm;water pollution;land application;manure management;institutional strengthening;animal manure;agricultural production;agricultural region;farming practice;storage capacity;chicken farm;enforcement authority;irrigation scheme;environmental monitoring;cattle production;biogas production;animal number;soil quality;mediterranean region;input use;sugar beet;arable land;statistical information;climate factors;institutional responsibilities;everyday work;representative body;soil characteristic;meteorological condition;farm boundaries;climate condition;crop type;industrial crop;institutional infrastructure;livestock waste;catchment area;international obligation;inland water;complete harmonization;annual production;fruit production;coastal region;unit price;chicken meat;receiving water;national territory;green bean;algal bloom;international action;Investment Support;promotion agency;agriculture industry;voluntary basis;agricultural producer;agricultural change;monitoring network;nitrate removal;international standard;adequate training;domestic sewage;fertilizer usage;sheep milk;sloping land;accession country;mediterranean coast;irrigation investment;crop area;full membership;irrigation development;financial resource;livestock number;leather industry;Waste Management;dry summers;climatic zone;raw material;agricultural employment;maximum amount;monitoring requirement;cotton lint;living resources;industrial pollution;watershed level;nutrient balance;nature protection;monitoring well;crop rotation;catch crop;wet season;maximum benefit;irrigation network;Irrigated Agriculture;ecological condition;water course;cultivable land;cold winter;mediterranean area;rural population;chemical fertilizer;citrus fruit;total employment;coastal area;pesticide residue;hot summer;biological property;monitoring purposes;monitoring stations;groundwater station;freshwater resource;groundwater use;fertilization plan;world price;measuring point;soil analysis;agricultural import;cow milk;national income;



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