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Brazil - Growth and poverty reduction in Pernambuco (Inglês)

Despite its origin as one of the pioneering and richest states of Brazil, Pernambuco today has a history of slower economic growth than Brazil as a whole. Pernambuco began as a sugar producing state and the expansion of sugar production led its economic development until the mid 1600s. Then Pernambuco declined, as sugar production became more profitable elsewhere in the world. It is estimated that, since 1939, the first year for which we have regionalized GDP data, Pernambuco's growth rate has been slower than Brazil's average. Although poverty data is much more recent, the story provided by the available data is that since the early 1980s, Pernambuco has made little or no headway in reducing absolute poverty. These facts motivate the present report, which focuses on 1) analyzing, in collaboration with the Government of Pernambuco, economic growth and poverty in the State; and 2) identifying policies that can enhance economic growth and reduce poverty while improving fiscal performance. These two themes govern the structure of the report, with the first chapter focusing on growth and poverty reduction performance and the second chapter focusing on policies to improve those performances. The remainder of this introductory section provides some historical and geographical background of the state.


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    Relatório Econômico ou Setorial Pré-2003

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    América Latina e Caribe,

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    Brazil - Growth and poverty reduction in Pernambuco

  • Palavras-chave

    water need;enforcement of property right;private sector health facilities;employee will re;misuse of public funds;private investment in water;protection property right;Efficiency of Public Expenditures;demand for infrastructure services;annual population growth rate;economies of scale;social protection services;crime and violence;education and health;Labor Market Flexibility;efficiency of expenditure;long term growth;access to water;decentralization in health;social protection policy;correlates of poverty;quality of education;castor oil bean;lack of water;toll road program;availability of infrastructure;per capita income;measurement of performance;sugar cane plantation;price of sugar;agriculture and industry;high oil price;improving teacher training;water sector strategy;economically active population;gdp growth rate;allocation of expenditure;demand for labor;water resource;social protection program;victimization by police;high crime area;economic development policy;cost of labor;public school system;years of schooling;rural family income;size of farm;standard of living;victims of violence;health policy objectives;public sector investment;drop out rate;state water company;human capital model;medical insurance coverage;public sector provider;labor market issue;impact of tax;social security contribution;fixed term contract;mode of transport;public sector infrastructure;maintenance of road;civil service retirement;cost-effectiveness of interventions;investments in education;private economic activity;taxation of labor;internet service provider;infrastructure investment policy;private sector operation;debt service obligation;flexible labor market;social security reform;labor market restrictions;weights and measure;performance of education;poverty reduction policy;return to education;trade and investment;investment in road;sugar production;Private School;Public Services;public money;public education;Crime Prevention;federal road;personnel expenditure;fiscal performance;sugar sector;crime statistic;Health Service;sugar mill;tax subsidy;Labor Policies;labor policy;Fiscal Sustainability;medical service;private operator;legal framework;base case;health insurer;small municipality;poverty datum;industrial location;labor code;Irrigated Agriculture;labor reform;gross debt;state school;Exchange Rates;public policy;state road;agricultural activity;industrial sector;autonomous management;personnel cost;absolute poverty;economic expansion;convergence analysis;sugar price;detailed examination;financial resource;metropolitan area;formal sector;household income;state policy;import restriction;agricultural product;labor contract;monetary incentive;Real estate;sectoral performance;primary balance;employment growth;Child Mortality;landlord model;private port;child labor;International Trade;retail trade;municipal school;human consumption;labor income;world demand;privatization process;excessive debt;infrastructure facility;climatic condition;water infrastructure;budget priority;civil society;evaluation framework;violent crime;federal level;direct investment;fiscal adjustment;diagnostic study;efficient management;expenditure planning;partnership agreement;debt refinancing;social program;Public Facilities;poor health;AIDS infections;high share;legal constraint;port operation;operational rules;retirement contribution;Public Infrastructure;federal government;public resource;utility service;research show;central state;transportation infrastructure;primary surplus;agricultural infrastructure;government fund;crime level;Land Ownership;limited resources;employment creation;soft drink;poverty trend;production structure;economic history;decline of prices;coffee production;domestic demand;investment level;gross revenue;car battery;coffee grower;coffee tree;apparel manufacturing;industrial value;food product;wood product;poverty alleviation;local demand;cotton industry;sugar industry;state budget;competitive edge;coastal region;small landowner;gold rush



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