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China : overcoming rural poverty (Inglês)

Although China has long been recognized for its achievements in reducing absolute poverty since 1978, international standards now estimate increased poverty incidences, particularly among the rural poor, mostly concentrated in the western provinces, within remote and mountainous townships, where the absence of educational, health, and nutritional aspects prevail. The study reviews the macroeconomic context, analyzing trends in employment, inflation, as well as fiscal challenges in poverty reduction, presenting an overview on the poverty reduction programs, rather focusing on the implementation of new programs to meet the needs of the poor. It offers measures to increase mountain areas productivity, through strategic economic development, improved agriculture programs, and market analysis. Options for poverty reduction through labor mobility, or voluntary resettlement are weighed, emphasizing education, health, and nutrition. While recommendations include efficient use, and strengthened financial monitoring of funds for poverty reduction, through increased upland agricultural production, provision of social sectors, and, rural enterprise development, forging links with government, academic, and civil organizations, the report fails to address the significant emergence of urban absolute poverty, which may well prod future macroeconomic downturn.


  • Autor

    Piazza, Alan Li, Julia Su Guoxia McKinley, Terry Enjiang Cheng Saint-Pierre, Claude Sicular, Terry Trangmar, Bruce Weller, Robert

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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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  • Nome do documento

    China : overcoming rural poverty

  • Palavras-chave

    Food for Work Program;poverty reduction program;rate of poverty reduction;township and village enterprise;national poverty reduction plan;policy for poverty reduction;Rural Poor;monitoring and evaluation system;gender division of labor;Levels of Educational Attainment;Agricultural Research and Development;achievement in poverty reduction;female participation in education;poverty reduction work;incidence of poverty;austere poverty line;poor farm household;purchasing power parity;source income;commitment to poverty;health and nutrition;rural economic reform;square poverty gap;concentration of poverty;poverty reduction goal;source of income;absolute poverty line;poverty reduction activity;education and health;international poverty line;extent of poverty;rural enterprise development;mountain area;absolute poor;flow of fund;terms of trade;ethnic minority child;applied agricultural research;poverty reduction policy;estimates of poverty;rural poverty decline;drinking water system;regional growth rate;small scale irrigation;forestry sector reform;access to water;ethnic minority groups;employment in agriculture;asian financial crisis;gender and poverty;local tax base;leakage of benefit;international poverty standard;educational classroom use;maternal mortality ratio;rural economic growth;universal basic education;land use right;agricultural productivity gain;official poverty line;lack of staff;per capita income;infant mortality rate;people with disability;infrastructure investment program;village development plan;growth in agriculture;rapid agricultural growth;rural poverty line;reduction in poverty;development research group;provision of education;participatory poverty assessment;female infant mortality;health for all;world food programme;application of fertilizer;poor household;poverty fund;international standard;Health Service;poverty program;fiscal situation;basic infrastructure;rural population;off-farm employment;civic organization;poverty work;poverty relief;official estimates;minority areas;small loan;Rural Industry;poor village;upland area;participatory method;minimum level;program effectiveness;central regions;watershed management;alternative use;disproportionate share;nutritional status;financial system;aggregate demand;national strategy;regional strategy;loan program;grant program;administrative cost;poor child;regional concentration;fiscal revenue;urban population;Agricultural Technology;poverty intervention;community participation;tree crop;institution building;remote area;banking system;Market Risk;mountainous region;iodine deficiency;increasing share;public funding;minority region;dramatic reduction;rehabilitation loan;rural area;agricultural employment;surplus labor;extreme poverty;social network;effective prevention;treatment programs;essential services;investment cycle;national implementation;production incentive;medical school;Medical Insurance;rural cooperative;secondary level;compulsory education;financial resource;Infectious Disease;Disease Surveillance;health information;core poor;difficult environment;geographic focus;sectoral strategy;resource constraint;donor investment;international donor;aggregate growth;regional initiative;initial investment;local infrastructure;development work;female labor;project identification;upland agriculture;local beneficiary;participatory institution;applied technologies;Water Management;social tie;natural community;market opportunity;consumer market;process capability;product quality;local market;forestry product;small holder;market development;individual farmer;marketing activity;multiyear program;migrant jobs;microfinance program;macroeconomic performance;fiscal capacities;macroeconomic fluctuation;long-term effect;income shock;macroeconomic cycle;production risk;reliable access;Livestock Production;individual enterprise;perverse incentives;financial challenge;fiscal commitment;fiscal deficit;tax system;fiscal pressure;expenditure demand;government payroll;budgetary problem



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