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Livestock production in North Africa and the Middle East : problems and perspectives (Inglês)

The goal of this paper is to provide a basis for discussions on the major constraints to livestock production in the EMENA region, and possible solutions to them. Livestock production has traditionally been an integral part of farming systems throughout the region. In recent years there has been a move to less livestock production in specialized cash crop farming, perhaps to the detriment of profitability, sustainability of production, and soil quality. On the consumer side, livestock products form an important part of the diet. As the population grows, and/or consumer purchasing power and standard of living increase, there is a higher demand for these products. Governments seek to promote agricultural production generally and livestock production specifically in an effort to support both producers and consumers. Most, if not all the countries in the region are no longer in a position to maintain the local producer and consumer subsidies. The solution to these complex problems will neither be easily obtained nor satisfactory to all groups.

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