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Breaking down barriers : unlocking Africa's potential through vigorous competition policy (Inglês)

This report shows how competition policy can help African countries boost inclusive and sustainable development. Prepared by the World Bank Group (WBG) in partnership with the African Competition Forum, the study reviews the implementation of competition frameworks in Africa and examines competition issues that affect market performance in three important sectors for Africa's competitiveness: cement, fertilizers, and telecoms. It uses the WBG's Markets and Competition Policy Assessment Tool to identify how competition rule and their enforcement could be made more effective, and to highlight economic and regulatory characteristics of cement, fertilizers and telecoms markets that dampen competition and increase the risk of anticompetitive business practices. Conservative estimates put forward by this report suggest that addressing weak competition in principle staple foods across three countries would have the effect of lifting around 500,000 people above the poverty line by lowering consumer prices. Fundamental market reforms to increase competition in key input services would also boost economic growth. For example, professional services reforms would deliver an additional 0.16–0.43 percent of additional annual gross domestic product growth. While the benefits of competition are clearly observable in Africa, considerable effort is still required to ensure effective implementation of competition laws and incorporation of competition principles in government policies.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    The World Bank Group

  • Data do documento

    2016/06/01

  • No. do relatório

    106717

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    África,

  • Região

    África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2016/06/29

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Breaking down barriers : unlocking Africa's potential through vigorous competition policy

  • Palavras-chave

    trade and competitiveness;economies of scale and scope;competition authority;implementation of competition law;enforcement of competition law;abuse of dominance cases;adoption of competition laws;status of competition law;jurisdictions with competition laws;private sector development specialist;effective competition;competition policy;wireless internet;markets in africa;barrier to entry;lack of competition;state of competition;regional development strategy;air transport sector;competition law enforcement;implementing competition policy;competition policy framework;benefits of competition;search and seizure;dominant market position;excessively high price;air transport services;air transport industry;segments of society;total factor productivity;air transport market;competition policy enforcement;foreign equity ownership;implementation of policies;development of competition;international calling services;restrictions on competition;competition in mobile;wireless local loop;existing legal framework;mobile phone service;agricultural price index;energy price index;imports of fertilizer;average retail price;construction of infrastructure;barrier to competition;efficiency of infrastructure;social service provision;competitive public procurement;high entry barrier;form of regulation;foreign investment policy;supply chain;government intervention;anticompetitive behavior;cement production;regional bloc;fertilizer market;annual budget;state participation;competition agency;telecom service;inclusive growth;market scenario;vertical integration;international gateway;merger control;fertilizer production;professional service;competition issue;price control;market size;market outcome;telecom sector;fertilizer supply;competitive neutrality;horizontal agreement;transport cost;business practice;large operator;mobile service;industry characteristic;telecommunications sector;government participation;scarce resource;market structure;potential competition;wireless market;business risk;premerger notification;Anti-Cartel Enforcement;high concentration;competition framework;basic good;vested interests;high capital;food staple;consumer goods;merger case;telecommunications market;operational risk;private investment;government action;phosphate rock;manufacturing sector;national authority;import restriction;empirical evidence;import share;fertilizer supplier;Price Fixing;government body;local demand;open market;state involvement;global economy;state aid;road freight;registration procedure;regulatory obstacles;high ratio;global market;anticompetitive conduct;digital dividend;anticompetitive practices;agricultural productivity;import ban;regional factors;regional body;generally well;production plants;upstream producer;average capacity;regional strategy;direct holding;regulatory restriction;passenger volume;household consumption;high road;tourism sector;administrative burden;freight rate;cargo transportation;data transfer;regulatory features;regulatory environment;domestic route;tariff approval;Market Intelligence;competitive policy;broadband service;monthly income;input cost;regulatory intervention;essential facility;mobile network;import license;antidumping tariffs;product standard;price discrimination;world price;Retail Sector;foster competition;enforcement action;competition commission;intraregional trade;nontariff barrier;competition rule;mobile penetration;productivity increase;call volume;regulatory action;contestable market;high fare;market concentration;air route;Advisory services;geographic variable;household welfare;poor household;operational constraints;construction material;healthy competition;commercial activity;higher growth;regulatory change;Boosting Growth;cross-country comparison;removing barriers;operational framework;competition principles;market player;import good;staple food;dominance threshold;competition regime;exclusionary conduct;regional competition;food market;market reform;public policy;construction services;government entity

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