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HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan (Inglês)

Reliable data on HIV prevalence in Afghanistan is sparse. To date, 636 HIV cases have been reported. The HIV epidemic is at an early stage in Afghanistan and is concentrated among high-risk groups, mainly injecting drug users (IDUs) and their partners. Afghanistan's emerging epidemic likely hinges on a combination of injecting drug use and unsafe paid sex. According to the IBBS (integrated biological-behavioral surveillance) 2009 (conducted in three cities i.e. Kabul, Herat and Mazar-e-sharif), the HIV prevalence among IDUs was estimated to be between 1-18 percent. Comprehensive integrated biological-behavioral surveillance (IBBS 2009) has been completed among priority populations of injecting drug users, prisoners, female sex workers, and road transport workers. The results of the survey have important implications for Afghanistan's AIDS program. Injecting drug use is the major source of new HIV infections, with transmission highest in Western Afghanistan.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2011/02/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    64576

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Afeganistão,

  • Região

    Sul da Ásia,

  • Data de divulgação

    2011/09/21

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan

  • Palavras-chave

    hiv prevalence;national aids control;Drug use;HIV and AIDS;spread of hiv;primary health care system;hiv epidemic;Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveys;harm reduction;high-risk group;universal access to health care;provision of health service;primary health care services;lack access to information;access to health service;female sex workers;large numbers of refugees;illicit drug use;respiratory tract infections;road transport;maternal mortality rate;status of woman;public awareness;project performance indicator;sexual transmission;displaced people;access to condoms;Access to Education;vaccine preventable disease;risk and vulnerability;Internally Displaced People;behavior change communication;hiv risk behavior;access to prevention;aids program;

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