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Action plan for the provision of vitamins and minerals to the Tanzanian population through the enrichment of staple foods (Inglês)

The United Republic of Tanzania has a severe vitamin and mineral deficiency problem. Every year deficiencies in iron, vitamin A and folic acid cost the country over US$ 518 million, around 2.65 of the country's GDP. Beyond the economic losses, vitamin and mineral deficiencies are a significant contributor to infant mortality, with over 27,000 infant and 1,600 maternal deaths annually attributable to this cause.2 In fact, if all of these deaths could be avoided, the infant mortality rate (IMR) in Tanzania could be reduced to 41.5 per 1,000 population, which would virtually ensure achievement of the MDG goal for IMR (40/1,000). To reduce this huge annual loss, an integrated national vitamin and mineral deficiency control programme is needed which is embedded in the national nutrition policy. Food fortification or enrichment should be an integral but not the only part of such a programme.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2012/01/01

  • No. do relatório

    69991

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Tanzânia,

  • Região

    África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2012/06/21

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Action plan for the provision of vitamins and minerals to the Tanzanian population through the enrichment of staple foods

  • Palavras-chave

    women of child-bearing age;women of child bearing age;food need;maize flour;Food Enrichment;monitoring and evaluation plan;wheat flour;Quality Assurance and Control;millennium development goal;women of childbearing age;hospital ministry;dose of vitamin a;iron and folic acid;cost benefit analysis;food fortification;vegetable oil;micronutrient deficiency;neural tube defects;net economic benefit;vitamin a deficiency;behavior change strategy;net present value;burden of disease;infant mortality rate;certification and training;public health problem;iron deficiency anemia;scaling up nutrition;public health measures;labor force characteristic;school age child;quality control system;quality assurance system;small scale miller;international donor agencies;primary school child;high risk group;improved crop productivity;iodine deficiency control;vitamin a supplements;standard and guideline;large scale production;food consumption data;access to asset;risk of disease;risk of morbidity;sharing of costs;public health laboratory;social marketing campaign;growth and development;fruit and vegetable;central nervous system;vitamin a supplementation;access to food;antenatal care services;Early Childhood Development;intrauterine growth retardation;medium scale miller;degree of confidence;point of production;lack of awareness;form of tax;hammer mill;mineral deficiency;fortified food;edible oil;discount rate;food inspection;situation analysis;food industry;manual labor;rural area;staple food;national nutrition;zinc deficiency;salt iodization;distribution channel;sensitivity analysis;food control;flour mill;pregnant woman;investment cost;cooking oil;household level;iodized salt;processing capacity;drug authority;nutritional status;production level;vitamin b12;fill material;milling industry;learning capacity;perinatal mortality;survey area;gap analysis;children of ages;corrective action;health status;Maternal Health;physical development;immune status;work performance;visual impairment;consumption pattern;Maternal Mortality;civil society;Child Mortality;maize grain;health benefit;adult population;school achievement;oil producer;breast milk;executive power;coordinating mechanism;micronutrient malnutrition;process monitoring;population group;oil mill;live birth;complementary food;large mill;small producer;sustainable approach;consumption level;milling sector;food purchase;young child;impact survey;industrial mill;national regulation;maternal death;human suffering;national survey;test kit;participation rate;publicprivate partnerships;flour production;public policy;technical feasibility;nutrition component;baseline survey;healthcare costs;nutrition problem;antenatal visit;tax revenue;regular monitoring;communication support;certification process;childhood anaemia;collected information;international stakeholders;socio-economic status;salt use;Population Projection;private household;Infectious Disease;depreciation costs;future productivity;working life;malaria death;income data;potassium iodate;equal footing;life expectancy;negative effect;ascorbic acid;population data;international agency;tariff exemption;economic model;consumption datum;significant loss;stakeholder commitment;benefit equal;business case;heart disease;productivity loss;participatory approach;flow chart;Rural Sector;oral tradition;infant death;media relation;government staff;quantitative data;important component;quantitative method;advocacy activity;advocacy kit;nutritional benefit;voluntary measure;food processor;communication strategy;market strategy;technical committee;production rate;dilution rate;government monitoring;home base;regulatory system;food preparation;liquid chromatography;reporting system;programme implementation;social communication;publicity campaign;power line;vulnerable group;primary focus;management oversight;adult man;mill operation;international ngos;low-income group;consumption rate;nutrition survey;raw data;energy intake;poor household;animal food;technical standard

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