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Low-cost urban sanitation in Lesotho (Inglês)

Lesotho's low-cost Urban Sanitation Program started in 1980 as a pilot component of a much larger urban development project. This document details the development of the program from that pilot stage to what is now a national program. The keys to the success of the low-cost sanitation program in general, and particularly in the urban areas of Lesotho, have been: (i) an affordable and acceptable latrine design; (ii) minimal direct grants or subsidies to householders; (iii) all latrine construction done by the private sector; (iv) a comprehensive program of ventilated improved pit latrine promotion, health, and hygiene education; (v) integration of the project into existing government structures; and (vi) strong coordination in policy and planning between different departments promoting improved sanitation.


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    Blackett, Isabel C.

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    Documento para Discussão sobre Abastecimento de Água e Saneamento

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    Low-cost urban sanitation in Lesotho

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    water supply and sanitation service;flexibility and adaptability;vip latrine;people in urban area;pit latrine;improved sanitation;public health worker;local capacity building;availability of credit;dry climatic conditions;primary school teacher;high school teacher;cost of labor;private sector accountants;health and hygiene;roads and water;health education material;home improvement loan;child in school;local radio station;Energy and Mining;maintenance and repair;proportion of male;income generating activity;sewage treatment works;piped water supply;primarily due;disposal of sludge;rural population growth;availability of material;gnp per capita;district town;loan scheme;low-cost sanitation;rural area;On-Site Sanitation;good sanitation;local builders;credit scheme;promotional material;flush toilet;running cost;loan repayment;housing scheme;bucket latrine;sanitation program;rural sanitation;bucket system;sanitation system;rental property;organizational structure;sanitation needs;annual budget;urban development;accumulation rate;audiovisual equipment;short term consultant;concrete block;latrine builders;sludge disposal;loan application;latrine design;ordinary people;old people;waiting time;basic knowledge;water reticulation;approximate cost;informal sector;germ theory;latrine slab;poor hygiene;credit facilities;computer program;adequate facility;short durations;female staff;radio program;primary health;educational material;central regions;loan period;building trade;financial problem;transitional period;promotion technique;registration fee;longer period;credit system;keeping chicken;reinforced concrete;city boundary;take time;counterpart funding;printed matter;city limits;soil cover;budget cover;commercial company;disposal site;budget support;cumulative effect;drop-out rate;vacuum pump;sludge treatment;dry sludge;social group;living alone;household income;hygiene practice;employment opportunities;employment opportunity;improved health;household good;hygiene message;consumer durable;medical cost;building latrine;school fee;septic tank;sewage works;health benefit;limited resources;smaller towns;annual run;illiterate people;sociocultural context;night soil;urban population;collect debt;bilateral agency;direct grant;efficient institution;large consumer;conventional wisdom;wash water;computer system;open defecation;short-term benefits;pilot program;small animals;real cost;expatriate personnel;female head;accountant general;sanitary environment;married woman;consumer feedback;Urban Infrastructure;material need;donor financing;water resource;shallow wells;water pollution;urban dweller;technical qualification;general population;educational background;permanent employment;local culture;community building;personal habit;sanitation promotion;sector activity;local traditions;school child;institutional sanitation;urban school;default rate;budgetary constraint;poor sanitation;legal proceeding;good hygiene;quoted price;pit contents;vegetable garden;water flow;storage capacity;inadequate sanitation;unhealthy environment;health habit;repayment rate;school latrine;basic hygiene;conventional sewerage;dry pit;school design;



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