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Ghana - Work program (FY15) : poverty and inequality profile (Inglês)

Since 1991 the national poverty rate of Ghana has more than halved. The estimated national headcount poverty ratio fell by 31.2 percentage points from 52.6 percent in 1991 to 21.41 percent in 2012. Heterogeneity of poverty outcomes is, however, high both across urban and rural areas and across regions. The robustness of these poverty trends is checked with trends of five correlates: urbanization and rural-urban migration, remittances, asset growth, labor market transformations, and agricultural productivity growth. Urbanization turns out to be highly correlated with poverty reduction. Poverty trends and asset index trends turn out to follow a similar pattern in both urban and rural areas and by regions: asset index increase where poverty decreases. In the report the authors try to understand the drivers of recent decrease in poverty in northern regions. The attention is focused on two different aspects, the agricultural productivity growth and the inflation patterns. In northern regions, there is a generalized increase in production of main food crops and an increase in productivity. To test the contribution of most of these drivers to poverty reduction, the authors estimated unconditional quintile regressions over the 20th, 40th, and 60th percentiles and decomposed the results using the Oaxaca Blinder method. To further strengthen the spatial analysis of poverty the authors constructed a new poverty map based on sixth Ghana living standard survey (GLSS 6) (conducted in 2012-13) in combination with the 2010 census, which was then compared with the 2000 map. This profile focuses on inequalities seen from three different perspectives: consumption inequality, inequalities of opportunities, and polarization.


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    Ghana - Work program (FY15) : poverty and inequality profile

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    sanitation, living standards, per capita consumption, rural divide, structural transformation, food needs, consumption expenditures, household size, intensive agriculture, poverty line, regional patterns, poverty levels, food consumption, schooling, poverty rates, equitable access, access to irrigation, regional level, administrative regions, consumption data, housing, poorer regions, national poverty, poor people, extreme poverty line, national poverty rate, low poverty rates, rural population, rural poor, drivers of poverty reduction, region, maternal mortality, poverty reduction, poorer areas, agricultural productivity growth, regional poverty, rural populations, crop production, food basket, agricultural commodities, rural households, cash crops, food poverty line, household head, income growth, food price, income inequality, poverty mapping exercise, rural phenomenon, poverty incidence, rural farm, farm size, regional price indexes, regional performance, poorer people, rural disparities, household income, welfare level, poverty maps, urbanized region, consumption expenditure, regional breakdown, regional levels, farmers, changes in poverty, poverty map, poverty profile, household heads, regional population, regional group, rural gap, adequate calories, poverty lines, consumption, poverty data, human capital, regional average, forest regions, food poverty, access to facilities, reduction in poverty, school attendance, ecological zones, rural area, wage premium, spatial analysis, rural poverty alleviation, production growth, basic infrastructure, poverty mapping, regional pattern, consumption measure, agricultural employment, rural poverty, income distribution, absolute poverty, agricultural sector, net food consumers, food expenditure, employment status, regional price, impact on poverty reduction, nutrition, household budget, diversification, quality of life, access to opportunity, poverty indicators, rural residents, welfare measures, coastal regions, poverty situation, regions, correlates of poverty, lack of infrastructure, extreme poverty, irrigation, spatial distribution, food crops, access to services, absolute poverty line, rural areas, poverty, regional distribution, regional averages, incidence of poverty, food consumers, spatial trends, agricultural productivity, consumer price index, decline in poverty, informal employment, regional trends, household welfare, poverty rate, income redistribution, welfare monitoring, welfare improvements, poverty assessment, consumption per capita, welfare measure, food prices, school_attendance, rural development, consumption basket, self-employment, agricultural self-employment, wage employment, cash flow, central region, poverty alleviation, poverty analysis, rural residence, regional convergence, central regions, human development, poor households, poor person



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