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Tackling corruption in the water and sanitation sector in Africa : starting the dialogue (Inglês)

The purpose of this paper is to promote more comprehensive understanding of sector corruption and potential anti-corruption mechanisms among a broad audience of water supply and sanitation (WSS) stakeholders. The paper describes the plural nature of corruption in the WSS sector corruption by setting out, in a structured framework, the network of corrupt practices prevalent in the sector. Emphasizing the need to build a braid-based coalition for change it collects together the many types of WSS corruption into typologies of public to public, public to private, and public to consumer interactions, and considers these interactions at each stage of a WSS value chain. It then describes the range of anti-corruption policies and mechanisms that have been developed to prevent or counter anti-corruption activity in the sector mapping these over the corrupt interactions and thus linking the framework of corrupt practices to the menu of existing solutions. Notwithstanding this attempt to promote a more comprehensive understanding of corruption, the paper emphasizes the need to undertake rigorous diagnostics to identify areas of concentrated corruption, and to focus efforts in the future on improving sector understanding of what anticorruption strategies are most appropriate. While it cautiously suggests that efforts should be made in the development of greater transparency and accountability mechanisms, supported by continuing more targeted efforts in WSS sector policy and institutional reform, it argues for more data and learning, for context specificity, and for efforts to develop appropriate methodologies and models for sector interventions in the different economic, governance, and WSS contexts of the African region.

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