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Women managers and the gender-based gap in access to education : evidence from firm-level data in developing countries (Inglês)

Several studies explore the differences in men’s and women’s labor market participation rates and wages. Some of these differences have been linked to gender disparities in education attainment and access. The present paper contributes to this literature by analyzing the relationship between the proclivity of a firm to have a female top manager and access to education among women relative to men in the country. The paper combines the literature on women’s careers in management, which has mostly focused on developed countries, with the development literature that has emphasized the importance of access to education. Using firm-level data for 73 developing countries, the analysis finds strong evidence that countries with a higher proportion of female top managers also have higher enrollment rates for women relative to men in primary, secondary, and tertiary education.


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    Amin,Mohammad, Islam,Asif Mohammed

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    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

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    Regiões Mundiais,

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    Women managers and the gender-based gap in access to education : evidence from firm-level data in developing countries

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    policy research report on gender;Primary and Secondary Education;Access to Education;gender gap in education;higher level of education;equal employment opportunity law;institute of development studies;female labor force participation;proportion of female;education enrollment;ratio of women;conceptual model;access to finance;women in parliament;Rule of Law;tertiary education enrollment;labor market participation;comparison of cost;labor market activity;gender and development;formal training program;treatment of woman;resistance to change;pattern of segregation;power of woman;adult literacy rate;proportion of woman;cost of living;participation in management;secondary enrollment rate;combination of factor;federal reserve bank;labor market changes;social science research;tertiary enrollment rate;Gender and Education;gender wage gap;economics of education;women in management;small business economics;labour force participation;government regulatory agency;women in power;gender and society;education and health;firm size distribution;woman owner;women worker;marginal effect;regression results;legal origin;Gender Inequality;gender inequalities;explanatory variable;empirical analysis;gender disparity;social attitude;average values;positive relationship;Gender Equality;political empowerment;career progression;medium firms;conceptual framework;unit increase;feminist economics;export status;work experience;informal network;standard deviation;business environment;woman entrepreneur;public good;enrollment ratio;management position;ceteris paribus;firm-level survey;married woman;job opportunities;present study;fixed effect;women's empowerment;firm level;Women's Education;estimation result;cultural factor;gender quota;education level;corporate culture;female managers;proxy measure;comparative advantage;global economy;enrollment level;Political Economy;summary statistic;job opportunity;Retail Sector;random sampling;wage differential;economic empowerment;missing data;empirical underpinning;standard error;empirical model;small cities;legal right;organizational change;Global Gender;organizational dynamic;comparative research;administrative science;gender diversity;strategic change;dynamic model;organizational inertia;young men;female child;institutional factor;legal tradition;career decision;corporate executive;management review;primary sector;cross-section data;empirical evidence;comparative economics;financial constraint;causal relationship;labour supply;population economics;lagged value;maximum lag;business ethic;panel data;long lags;firm performance;business school;social capital;applied psychology;informal mentoring;monetary economics;richer countries;long commute;heavy industry;public resource;gender specific;greater access;career ladder;career path;Public Services;gender discrimination;Cash Income;development of literature;access manager;high enrollment;schooling quality;open access;development policy;gender bias;export sector;vulnerable employment;geographical location;small sample;literature review;political environment;religious affiliations;individual effect;permanent worker;Trade Impact;plastic material;survey data;export activity;Business Climate;organizational characteristic;tax official;political structure;annual sale;export orientation;role models;representative sample;political positions;social outcome;cultural orientation;career development;central planning;tertiary level;organizational behavior;institutional analysis;labor supply;hiring practice;education attainment;future research;financial capital;empirical findings;international economics;important policy;wage inequality;business ownership;gender difference;Women Empowerment;



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