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Central Asia Energy-Water Development Program : Annual Report 2015 (Inglês)

Central Asia (CA) was impacted adversely by significant economic shocks during 2015. The region experienced a series of external shocks from late 2014 through 2015, including a sharp drop in commodity prices (particularly for oil and metals), a significant slowdown in major trading partners, (especially Russia), and a loss in competitiveness due to an increase in the value of the U.S. dollar, against which many countries manage their currencies, and a decline in the value of the Russian ruble. At the end of 2015, the region's 2016 growth rate was expected to be around 3.96 percent – the second lowest since independence. This period of recent economic hardship – coupled with fragile poverty gains and a lack of consensus on regional resource management – poses significant challenges for continuing regional development. Recent gains and progress on poverty reduction have slowed down; for example in Uzbekistan national poverty rate declined from 14.1 percent in 2013 to 13.7 percent in 2014 and an estimated 13.6 percent in 2015; in Kazakhstan progress on poverty reduction largely stalled due to slow growth and a weak labor market; the situation is similar in the other Central Asian countries. Progress on poverty reduction in the region remains vulnerable to external shocks. In addition, the harsh climatic conditions and associated higher costs for heating, clothing and shelter pose severe challenges to the regional poor. A lack of consensus among CA states on transboundary water issues contribute to a situation in which recent regional political, socioeconomic and ecological achievements will remain fragile.


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    Relatório Anual

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    Ásia Central,

  • Região

    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    Central Asia Energy-Water Development Program : Annual Report 2015

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    water supply and sanitation system;energy and water;dialogue climate change;access to water supply;lack of water;impact of climate change;islamic development bank;resilience to climate change;water availability for irrigation;management of water resource;Water and Energy;regional power trade;Water Resource Management;irrigation water management;long-term economic growth;access to information;water management system;civil society partnership;international good practice;national poverty rate;regional water resource;water supply management;allocation of water;climate change studies;irrigation water demand;investment in rehabilitation;water storage capacity;Water and Agriculture;capacity of country;regional power market;data collection process;exchange of good;regional power system;fossil fuel consumption;energy efficiency assessment;transboundary water management;potential for hydropower;power purchase agreement;domestic water needs;collaboration for development;distribution of water;hydro power plant;institutional strengthening;Energy Sector;regional cooperation;energy security;Program of Activities;downstream countries;winter energy;diagnostic tool;regional dialogue;irrigation canal;building sector;climate action;development partner;water use;livelihood security;irrigation efficiencies;energy shortage;River basin;donor support;program results;improved service;social cost;total allocations;generation capacity;Power Generation;riparian country;increased income;results framework;improving performance;energy intensities;energy intensity;hydropower potential;energy deficit;energy resource;trade initiatives;cumulative total;good performance;power supply;policy option;food production;program structure;regional collaboration;Climate Investment;information base;satellite imagery;legal analysis;stream flow;improved water;infrastructure planning;computer model;commercial agreement;Climate Risk;regional investment;development grants;fund management;baseline conditions;water information;policy priority;program finance;improving information;road map;Labor Market;energy production;information exchange;awareness raising;beneficiary country;Water Security;discussion papers;social accountability;riparian management;aid effectiveness;power shortage;fuel resource;satisfactory progress;framework agreement;output reduction;investment program;Natural Resources;international community;program development;result indicator;hydrological system;spatial precipitation;Energy Projects;climatic condition;national bodies;water quantity;glacial melt;economic shock;regional partnership;transmission infrastructure;physical infrastructure;regional temperature;cost of energy production;water infrastructure;Population Growth;agricultural production;extreme conditions;external shock;water productivity;electricity trade;outreach effort;outreach activity;confidence building;vulnerable communities;Conflict Prevention;export revenue;analytical knowledge;diagnostic study;alternative strategy;significant loss;support grant;income growth;disbursement rate;national interest;consensus building;equitable access;investment lending;subsidiary right;noncommercial purposes;heating sector;tariff setting;Donor Contribution;irrigation governance;agricultural productivity;hydro resources;contribution allocation;task coordination;irrigation network;social responsibility;program delivery;knowledge network;multilateral institution;donor consultation;security situation;external stakeholder;investment effectiveness;consumer perception;program coordination;regular meetings;measurable outputs;water distribution;significant challenge;multiple partner;economic hardship;ecological protection;water linkages;regional policy;energy potential;reserve capacity;improved livelihood;environmental sustainability;direct beneficiaries;investment service;downstream state;analytical capacity;international event;Irrigation Operation;increased competition;energy information;regional demand;winter heating



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