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Pakistan - Hydromet and DRM Services Project : Environmental Assessment : Environmental and Social Management Framework (Inglês)

The development objective of the Hydromet and DRM Services Project is to strengthen the capacity of the government of Pakistan to deliver reliable and timely weather, hydrological and climate information and services to user departments and communities. Some of the negative impacts include: (i) the sub-project sites may require tree cutting for site clearing; (ii) the project sites are prone to natural disasters including earthquakes and floods; (iii) project activities associated with construction may increase the ambient air quality and noise levels of the at the sub-project sites; (iv) improper solid waste disposal can result in increased air pollution through burning of waste, vector borne diseases, contamination of water sources and ambient aesthetics for surrounding communities; (v) use of heavy machinery and handling of chemicals by workers can result in health impacts and accidents; (vi) there is a potential for contamination of soil via runoff from construction activities including oil spills, construction material, dredged / spoil materials and construction waste; (vii) the construction activities at sub-project sites will cause impact on air quality, cement mixers, movement of the machinery, generators soil excavation, construction vehicles, is likely to generate dust and exhaust emissions; (viii) construction activities require a large amount of water that may reduce the availability of water in residing area; (ix) the sub-projects may include religiously and culturally important sites at a reasonable distance; and (x) the construction work may likely impact the traffic flow. Some of the mitigation measures include: (i) incorporate technical design measures to minimize unnecessary removal of trees and vegetative cover; (ii) designing the building foundation and any portions subject to flooding to withstand design flood conditions and loads; (iii) design of buildings will include installation of solar panels; (iv) air quality and noise level baselines will be conducted to enable monitoring during construction phase;(v) prepare plans for the safe handling, storage and disposal of harmful materials; (vi) prepare a Worker Health and Safety Plan for the construction phase; (vii) construction materials will be stored in proper stores on impervious sheets to avoid any soil contamination; (viii) water will be sprinkled twice a day to avoid fugitive dust emissions; (ix) water required for construction should be obtained in a way so that water availability and supply to residing area remains unaffected; and (x) solid waste collection, segregation, storage and disposal will be carried out for waste generated.

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    Environmental and Social Management Framework

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    Water and Power Development Authority; resettlement action plan; national environmental action plan; National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan; alternative income-generating activity; Environmental and Social Impact; Environmental and Social Safeguard; environmental and social management; risks from climate change; solid waste management plan; Environmental and Social Monitor; nationally determine contribution; sustainable use of ecosystems; noise induced hearing loss; Labor Health and Safety; impact of climate change; worker health and safety; Environmental Codes of Practice; regional flood forecasting; legal and regulatory framework; efficient use of water; Adaptation to Climate Change; grievance redress mechanism; land use; stakeholder consultation; extreme weather event; climate resilience; indigenous people; construction and operation; Indigenous Peoples; climate change adaptation; rapid population growth; early warning system; implementation of mitigation; species of reptiles; disaster risk management; loss of livelihood; river catchment area; area of forest; community level intervention; ecological environment; loss of asset; Water Resource Management; woolly flying squirrel; freshwater fish specie; national regulatory framework; species of bird; species of mammal; source of revenue; resilience of communities; climate change risk; verge of extinction; service delivery system; flora and fauna; climate adaptation measure; damage to infrastructure; climate change mitigation; numerical weather prediction; legally protected areas; integrated water management; no objection certificate; Climate Smart; improper waste disposal; climate-related risks; public health concern; consumption of energy; national poverty level; climate change impact; international good practice; land use pattern; conflict resolution mechanism; resettlement planning; control of pollution; adverse environmental effect; ground water resource; ambient air quality; low literacy rate; service delivery process; community based conservation; source of income; source income; surface water hydrology; public sector entity; operations and maintenance; automatic weather stations



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