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Indonesia : facing up to the double burden of malnutrition : Menghadapi Beban Ganda Malnutrisi (Bahasa (Indonésio))

A concept first presented just over a decade ago, the Double Burden of Malnutrition, or DBM is the coexistence of under-nutrition and over-nutrition of macronutrients and micronutrients across the life course in the same population, community, family and even individual. Of particular concern is the life-course dimension of the DBM, or the link between maternal and fetal under-nutrition and increased susceptibility to over-nutrition and diet related non-communicable diseases (NCD) later in life. The DBM is a global problem that affects rich and poor countries alike: 25 percent of the world's population is over¬weight, while 17 percent of pre-school children are under¬weight and 28.5 percent are stunted, 40 percent of women of repro¬ductive age have anemia, and one-third of the global population still suffers from iodine deficiency. Most low¬er-middle-income countries (LMICs) are considered to be affected by the DBM, with overweight increasing faster than underweight is decreasing in most of them. While obesity has doubled globally in the last three de¬cades, it has tripled in LMICs in just two decades.




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