Skip to Main Navigation

Making work pay in Madagascar : employment, growth, and poverty reduction (Inglês)

There is little doubt that economic growth contributes significantly to poverty reduction; however, countries clearly differ in the degree to which income growth translates into reduced levels of poverty. Although cross-country estimates suggest that differences in the responsiveness of poverty to income growth account for a small fraction of overall differences in poverty changes across countries, from the point of view of an individual country these differences may have significant implications for poverty reduction, especially in the short term. The report is structured into eight chapters, beginning with this introduction. Chapter two describes the data and the main definitions used in this report. Chapter three provides the socioeconomic context of the study, with a particular emphasis on growth, poverty, and labor market characteristics. Chapter four takes a look at the linkages between macro and microeconomic data by reviewing the ways in which changes in aggregate and sectoral labor productivity translate into individual earnings as gathered from the household surveys. Chapter five also reviews the relationships between productivity and earnings by looking at the linkages between changes in aggregate and sectoral labor productivity data (macro) and changes in individual earnings as gathered from the household surveys (micro). Chapter six examines the origins and determining factors of household earnings and employment and assesses their impact on poverty and poverty reduction. Chapter seven analyzes the individual and household characteristics that are associated with having either 'good' jobs or 'bad' jobs and reviews the question of whether there may be barriers preventing the movement of workers from bad to good labor market segments. Finally, chapter eight describes the main conclusions of this report and provides suggestions for future work based on these conclusions.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Hoftijzer, Margo Paci, Pierella

  • Data do documento

    2008/06/16

  • TIpo de documento

    Publicação

  • No. do relatório

    48960

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Madagascar,

  • Região

    África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/04/20

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Making work pay in Madagascar : employment, growth, and poverty reduction

  • Palavras-chave

    labor productivity;Agriculture;dependency rate;primary sector;tertiary sector;average life expectancy at birth;assessing labor market;household survey;secondary sector;national poverty line;output per worker;rural poverty rate;fall in population growth;annual per capita income;higher level of education;poverty impact of growth;pace of population growth;real per capita expenditure;implications for poverty reduction;rural area;depth of poverty;source income;source of income;wage worker;large urban centers;reduction in poverty;nonfarm enterprise;poor household;consumer price index;return to education;sectoral growth rate;headcount poverty rate;education and gender;increase in labor;labor force participation;working-age population;demographic change;pace of urbanization;labor market characteristic;population growth rate;reduction of poverty;structure of employment;flexible labor market;labor market function;share of work;incidence of poverty;upper secondary education;barriers to mobility;supply of labor;income from agriculture;payment in kind;jobs in agriculture;production of rice;savings and investment;labor market condition;source of revenue;high growth rate;number of workers;rate of growth;social protection mechanism;unit of labor;unit labor;impact on poverty;number of jobs;movement of worker;bundle of goods;share of wage;increase in income;decline in poverty;constant local currency;formal sector;agricultural work;hourly earnings;labor income;national account;world rice;family enterprise;output data;Gender Gap;employment rate;earnings data;household expenditure;agricultural wage;child labor;better-off household;consumption aggregate;income growth;Learning and Innovation Credit;labor service;agricultural production;individual earnings;constant price;permanent job;population level;panel data;living standard;urban population;employment opportunity;employment opportunities;dependency ratio;urban employment;working poor;inclusive growth;wage employment;output level;data issue;pension contribution;household income;household participation;unemployment rate;household labor;agricultural sector;informal sector;productive worker;market activity;migrant status;agricultural output;employment share;farm earnings;secondary city;high probability;market failure;primary schooling;data limitation;earnings inequality;wage labor;agricultural worker;salaried worker;labor participation;food good;wage earner;family labor;earnings increase;earnings distribution;paid leave;household enterprise;rural work;formal employment;employment data;job earning;population data;population estimate;population census;cash payment;job location;salaried employment;labor exchange;working adult;unemployment increase;capital stock;increased income;household earning;adult population;Job Creation;rice price;increased demand;applicable law;small fraction;output growth;subsidiary right;macroeconomic data;economic crisis;earnings capacity;earnings estimate;comparability issue;enterprise worker;policy priority;transmission mechanism;annual consumption;jobless growth;urban household;income source;research framework;net migration;Rural Poor;urban poor;geographic area;cost-benefit analysis;ample opportunity;living condition;Gender Equality;income generation;productive sector;employment structure;agricultural employment;equal access;external factor;poverty datum;

Downloads

COMPLETAR RELATÓRIO

Versão oficial do documento (pode conter assinaturas, etc.)

  • PDF oficial
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *A versão do texto é um OCR incorreto e está incluído unicamente em benefício de usuários com conectividade lenta.