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Iran - Alborz Integrated Land and Water Management Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 3) : Draft supplementary environmental and social assessment - Annexes (Inglês)

This Environmental Assessment presents the main findings of the Supplementary Environmental and Social Assessment of the Alborz Integrated Land and Water Management Project. An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the Alborz Dam, including the irrigation and drainage network, was prepared in 1997 by Mahab Ghodss Consulting Engineers of Iran and, after several revisions, approved by the Department of Environment (DOE) in 2003. As part of the preparation of the project, the Government of Iran (GOI) decided to conduct further studies, and complement the original EIA with a Supplementary EIA, the two reports together constituting a full environmental and social assessment. The EA is intended to provide information, necessary to understand the environmental and social sensitivities, potentially significant impacts, and, mitigation measures to be undertaken under the project. The report discusses the project background, the country's regulatory and legal framework on the environment, and, presents the Bank's environmental safeguard policies. It further summarizes the following characteristics, and conditions in the project area: hydrology, watershed, middle land (transition zone between the upper watershed, and lower lands), water quality, and groundwater quality, including the biological environment in the area. A series of public consultation activities were carried out during the preparation of the EA, including an initial questionnaire-based survey. The report contains mitigation measures, and monitoring criteria as follows. Based on an integrated forest mapping, and in consultation with communities, forest replanting will be pursued, with indigenous species in accordance with ecological conditions. Hydrological monitoring (water quantity) will be conducted as part of the project components (Integrated Water Resources Management), supported by capacity building and training in environmental protection. Studies on river morphology and water flows, and quality will be conducted, seeking to protect aquaculture. An integrated pest management would strengthen biological control, engaging public-private partnerships, in the promotion of sustainable pest management, and training, including laboratory equipment to control pesticides. Dam safety plans should ensure construction, quality assurance, operation and maintenance, and emergency preparedness. Periodic safety inspections will be conducted, monitoring as well dam pressures and flow rates, ensuring the stability of the reservoir side slopes, or unstable zones. The report also includes a summary of the resettlement policy framework, compensation, and grievance mechanisms.

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