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Participatory evaluation : tools for managing change in water and sanitation : Evaluation participative : outils pour gerer le changement dans l'approvisionnement en eau et l'assainissement (Francês)

This document provides policymakers, managers, and planning and evaluation staff with ideas about participatory processes and indicators that can be used to involve community members and others in program evaluation. There is now widespread recognition that participatory development is critical for achieving sustained benefits. Participatory development creates "ownership", accountability, and a willingness on the part of users to manage and invest in services. By broadening and opening up the development process, participatory development requires new approaches to planning and poses new challenges. The report draws upon experience gained during fifteen years, and is structured around a framework of key indicators that can be measured to determine progress toward the objectives of sustainability, effective use, and replicability in water sanitation programs.


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    Evaluation participative : outils pour gerer le changement dans l'approvisionnement en eau et l'assainissement

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    water;Community Water Supply and Sanitation;liters per capita per day;water supply and sanitation sector;management of water resource;water and sanitation program;access to safe water;efficient use of resource;quality of water;data collection and analysis;water and sanitation system;quantity of water;number of water;availability of water;waste water disposal;reduction of mortality;social science research;distribution of responsibility;indicators of poverty;participatory rapid appraisal;participatory data collection;delivery of service;inclusion of women;water and environmental;traditional household survey;alternative water source;impact on health;time of day;excreta disposal facilities;domestic water supply;maintenance and repair;promotion of woman;data analysis technique;ownership of water;maintenance of water;participatory development;water quality;improved water;village woman;corrective action;toilet facility;hygienic use;sanitation facility;field experience;piped water;acceptable quality;management ability;hygienic practice;seasonal use;agency strategy;evaluation process;agency staff;water system;population group;site visits;evaluation activity;participatory approach;community demand;focus group;problem-solving ability;water quantity;production output;fundamental problem;budget size;water point;institutional framework;latrine facility;community contribution;community capacity;water use;rural community;public standposts;school child;consensus building;poor community;research need;gender specific;social scientist;additional water;water facility;water collection;discussion group;field workers;peak use;government support;seasonal variation;local skills;technical expert;citizen participation;job description;external monitoring;Social Assessment;latrine construction;private entrepreneur;health status;water user;monitoring progress;flow chart;classroom use;noncommercial purposes;copyright notice;household latrine;cultural context;household composition;program evaluation;waiting time;seasonal differences;local demand;community woman;selection criterion;Natural Resources;construction schedule;knowledge generation;user empowerment;community for use;urban community;high probability;global experience;financial cost;tool kits;public toilet;sampling method;support system;mutual agreement;Conflict Resolution;accepted rule;home environment;household water;institutional context;environmental hygiene;community level;written agreement;morbidity rate;participatory planning;sanitation situation;resource generation;equitable access;project effectiveness;allocation procedures;gender difference;sustainable management;personal responsibility;public space;visual inspection;field conditions;external expert;information flow;water tank;well capacity;sample survey;bacteriological quality;objective criterion;district authority;private individuals;water sector;field activity;family size;financial resource;data requirement;municipal government;local capacity;external support;human potential;holistic vision;inadequate sanitation;active participation;extension worker;participatory tool;quality testing;learning system;evaluation method;Sanitation Services;important component;equitable distribution;communitv involvement;gender analysis;technical inspection;community institution;beneficiary assessment;marginal group;indigenous knowledge;research result;land plot;communal toilet;animal waste;healthy child;community initiative;pelagic fish;household size;dramatic change;international standard;rural water;public place;effective water;community interest;local situation;water availability;fundamental principles;external evaluator;data needs;Health Promotion;water seal;



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