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Equipment for science education constraints and opportunities (Inglês)

This paper aims to provide insight into the process of equipment supply for the teaching of science, particularly on the secondary level. First it discusses the possible reasons for equipment supply projects to fail. As an interesting opportunity, it describes the development and use of low-cost and/or locally produced equipment. The paper discusses advantages and limitations of low-cost and/or locally produced equipment, supply strategies, possibilities of low-cost experiments, and provides examples of existing international cooperation in this field. The case studies present examples of different approaches to science education equipment development and supply in four developing countries: the Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) science kits; mobile laboratory for rural schools in Sri Lanka; science centers in Colombia; and development of sophisticated equipment for senior secondary and undergraduate level in India. On the basis of the discussion and the examples from case studies, the paper also includes recommendations for education projects with teaching equipment component. To provide additional information on local development of the equipment for science education, brief summaries of the activities from 17 developing countries are added. Other appendices include a list of selected source documents for low-cost science equipment manufacture and experimentation, and a list of selected international journals where other information might be found.




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