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Afghanistan - Emergency Irrigation Rehabilitation Project : environmental assessment : Environment and social safeguards framework (Inglês)

This report concerns the Emergency Irrigation Rehabilitation Project in Afghanistan, the main objective of the project is that farmers in the project area utilize improved, reliable and equitable irrigation water deliveries to increase agricultural productivity and farm income, improve food security and livelihoods and reduce vulnerability to drought. Most adverse impacts of rehabilitation of irrigation schemes are restricted to the areas close to the existing infrastructure. However, there are some off-site impacts such as those due to the borrowing of earth or disposal of dredged material. Many of the impacts arise from improper drainage and therefore, the importance of providing and maintaining adequate drainage cannot be overemphasized. Mitigations measures: sound design will, if not eliminate, at least diminish to the extent possible, most of the potential adverse impacts of project activities. Good engineering design will, in most cases, have a positive impact on the environmental conditions in the project area. Causes of concern are adverse impacts on local ecology, especially where the current situation has led to the creation of habitat for important flora/fauna species in the project area. These situations will have to be considered on a case-by-case basis. In addition, the designers must take care of providing adequate drainage to avoid salinization and waterlogging. No land acquisition is anticipated since the project involves rehabilitation of existing irrigation schemes only. In the event that any land would be needed for rehabilitation of an irrigation scheme, such land could only be obtained through either private voluntary donations, compensation payments for assets acquired by the local community or available government land. The natural landscape should be preserved to the extent possible by conducting operations in a manners that will prevent unnecessary destruction or scarring of natural surroundings.


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    Avaliação Ambiental

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    Sul da Ásia,

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    Environment and social safeguards framework

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    health and hygiene;Full Environmental Assessment;degradation of critical natural habitats;Social and Environmental Management;Operation and Maintenance of Irrigation;Environmental and Social Impact Assessment;generic terms;indigenous people development plan;management of water resource;project design and implementation;water resources and irrigation;post conflict;protection of cultural property;Land and Water Resources;irrigation and drainage;construction and operation;incidence of disease;analysis of alternatives;biophysical environment;local community representatives;project affected persons;codes of practice;loss of habitat;public water source;allocation of resource;vulnerability to drought;distribution of water;works of art;ambient air quality;drainage of water;land use control;quality and quantity;spread of disease;operations and maintenance;river basin management;right to compensation;disposal of waste;owners of assets;compensation at replacement;claim for compensation;transfer of title;loss of livelihood;downstream riparian state;underground water resource;ground water supply;Standard Bidding Documents;rights of way;adverse social impact;reconstruction and rehabilitation;destruction of habitat;acquisition of land;irrigation water delivery;ground water table;law and regulation;risk of damage;resettlement of people;loss of forest;flora and fauna;ground water level;surface water quality;sources of fund;local nongovernmental organization;adverse environmental impact;technical assistance program;procurement of equipment;international environmental agreement;application of fertilizer;mitigation measure;irrigation scheme;cultural artifact;irrigation infrastructure;safeguard policy;Safeguard Policies;large irrigation;irrigation system;site visits;regime change;institutional strengthening;study area;land acquisition;productive asset;agricultural land;flood regime;community meetings;endangered species;selection criterion;monitoring requirement;local population;irrigation facility;environmental condition;water pollution;sanitary condition;social issue;natural landscape;graduate degree;archaeological site;resettlement plan;social outcome;compensation payment;project costing;legal right;Land tenure;voluntary contribution;religious group;local condition;social concern;natural site;earning capacity;local ngo;rural economy;asset acquisition;secondary sources;construction camp;burial site;positive impact;



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