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Gender Differentials in Agricultural Production (Inglês)

In 2011-2012, Ethiopia’s central statistical agency (CSA), in collaboration with the World Bank, conducted the first wave of the Ethiopia rural socioeconomic survey (ERSS), which collects detailed data on household welfare and income generating activity. The ERSS sample includes 4,000 households that are representative of small towns and rural areas; wave 2 will be expanded to include urban areas and will run from 2013 to 2014. Agriculture is an integral part of household income in Ethiopia; nearly 80 percent of employed individuals work in the agriculture sector. However, there is a gender gap in productivity that limits the sectors full potential. This brief decomposes the gender differentials for agricultural production in Ethiopia, looking primarily at the explained variation of the differential. The analysis was carried out at the level of the holder, an individual within a household responsible for a given extension of land. The results that follow reflect the analysis of 1,518 holders, of which 84 percent are male and 16 percent are female.

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