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Proposed Approach for the Gender Dimensions of Forced Displacement Research Program (Inglês)

Forced displacement – both within and across borders -- is frequently associated with several shifts that would be expected to affect multiple dimensions of poverty, access to services, child outcomes and the risk of gender-based violence, as well as potential changes in drivers of gender inequality. The shifts often include: 1) Changes in household demographics with the broader absence of men from the home and often higher dependency ratios (UNHCR, 1981; UNHCR, 2013, Hanmer et al, 2020). 2) Disrupted livelihood opportunities, due to loss of assets like land, livestock and other property, non-recognition of skills and legal prohibitions on work (World Bank, 2017). 3)Specific risk factors for men, particularly male youth -- witnessing and experience of childhood violence, war related violence, and interpersonal violence including perpetration of IPV and sexual violence. 4) Lawlessness, lack of community and state protection, disruption of community services, and weakened infrastructure. 5) Deepening of patriarchal power differentials and decision making that leaves out voices of women and girls, especially in access to aid. 6) Changing cultural and gender norms, which can open up new opportunities for women, or impose larger restrictions. It appears that forcibly displaced women and men can face higher barriers to taking up economic opportunities and accessing public services than their host communities (World Bank, 2017; Justino et al, 2015). At the same time qualitative, case study and anecdotal evidence suggests that the challenges and vulnerabilities associated with forced displacement are highly differentiated by gender and age, as well as by setting (Forced Migration Review, 2018).


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    Hanmer,Lucia C., Arango,Diana Jimena, Klugman,Jeni

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    Proposed Approach for the Gender Dimensions of Forced Displacement Research Program

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    indirect questions; gender inequalities; Gender Inequality; sexual violence research initiative; data on migration flows; national household survey data; security and development; gender norm; impact of conflict; Host Communities; source country; dimensions of poverty; Child Marriage; economic research; opportunity for woman; access to health; Forced Migration; human development outcome; education and health; access to school; barrier to woman; labor force participation; inequalities between women; Gender-Based Violence; care for child; lack of gender; loss of asset; place of origin; data on income; range country; list of countries; statistical survey; health care utilization; need of refugee; quality assurance process; forward looking; human development initiative; collected data; average poverty rate; gender role attitude; impact on child; Poverty & Inequality; female labor market; award of contract; implementation of policies; violence against woman; intimate partner violence; human rights violation; displaced person; Displaced Population; comparator group; forced displacement; household characteristic; data availability; quantitative analysis; research program; multiple dimension; individual characteristic; domestic work; research community; gender lens; in school; dependency ratio; Civil War; Violent Conflict; risk base; gender dimension; post conflict; refugee family; public domain; global knowledge; research base; household income; gender issue; double burden; affected communities; qualitative data; case management; tie in; poverty outcome; Child Health; gender perspective; Gender Equality; quantitative data; livelihood opportunity; male peers; gender specific; welfare outcome; child stunting; wage work; Gender Gap; interpersonal violence; community mapping; focus group; funding support; research partnership; human subjects; adult male; male youth; formal sector; school attendance; legal prohibition; in poverty; qualitative analysis; gender disadvantage; other sectors; sample design; community level; representative household; poverty risk; academic institution; social relation; operational staff; empirical analysis; informal consultation; across border; property right; water pump; girls health; anecdotal evidence; civil society; Armed Conflict; Public Services; girls access; Social Sciences; refugee child; refugee household; restricted data; work permit; government stakeholders; gender difference; Reproductive Health; patriarchal power; bargaining power; household decision; household head; terrorist activity; household outcomes; household level; local woman; household demographics; study design; gender policy; biased law; family welfare; Social Protection; research group; survey instrument; future research; data gaps; conflict episode



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