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Vietnam - Community-Based Rural Infrastructure Project : environmental assessment (Inglês)

This is the environmental assessment for Vietnam's Community-Based Rural Infrastructure Project, which provides small-scale infrastructure works; enhances capacity for decentralized, participatory planning and management; and increases off-farm employment opportunities. These are the proposed mitigation measures: To prevent forest degradation, there will be a mandatory environmental assessment for all district road projects involving upgrading or construction of stretches of road over 5 km., an adapted list of all subprojects eligible for funding in communes that are ecologically vulnerable, and environmental training that ensures equal participation of ethnic minorities. Measures to control forest degradation include zoning and implementing different management strategies, and intensifying and sedentarizing agricultural activities, natural regeneration techniques, and small-scale plantation techniques. Adequate compensation will be paid in case of land acquisition. Measures to reduce erosion include reforestation of up and downhill slopes of roads, plugging gullies that emerge from run-off; and protecting the vegetative cover of flood protection dykes. Contagious diseases like malaria and dengue fever will be controlled by low-volume pesticide spraying, biological vector control, that is, releasing larvae-eating fish into reservoirs, eliminating certain types of waste, and releasing mesocyclops, a small crustacean, in water tanks.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2000/11/30

  • TIpo de documento

    Avaliação Ambiental

  • No. do relatório

    E364

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Vietnã,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/07/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Vietnam - Community-Based Rural Infrastructure Project : environmental assessment

  • Palavras-chave

    community base;Ethnic Minorities;degradation of forest;water supply and sanitation;access to health service;management of water resource;compensation for environmental damage;slash and burn agriculture;dengue fever;protected area;flood protection measure;buffer zone management;land use planning;allocation of land;erosion control measures;village access road;land use classification;land acquisition;adverse environmental impact;rehabilitation of road;flood control infrastructure;polluter pays principle;degradation of soil;national electricity grid;road construction cost;water supply sector;management of forest;dry season water;state forest enterprise;valuation of land;application of pesticide;transfer of land;vector control measure;reclamation of land;project management structure;depletion of aquifer;construction of infrastructure;control of malaria;construction of school;construction and rehabilitation;drinking water well;Solid Waste Management;water supply system;impact on farmer;water storage tank;untreated river water;wetland due;individual water supply;average annual rainfall;road and bridges;provision of good;domestic water supply;rehabilitation of water;biodiversity action plan;livelihood of farmer;displacement of people;mitigation measure;ethnic group;agricultural land;water tank;irrigation development;erosion risk;increased access;natural park;project costing;shifting cultivation;Environmental Assessment;land allocation;environmental training;road alignment;forest land;running water;nature reserve;infrastructure work;local population;environmental monitoring;environmental risk;wetland area;district road;environmental issue;stone masonry;migratory bird;secondary forest;

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