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India - Food and Drugs Capacity Building Project : environmental management plan (Inglês)

One of the key areas within the Food and Drug Capacity Building Project, relates to the upgrading of capacity, and competency of the Central and State Food and Drugs testing laboratories, which entails handling, and management of hazardous chemicals, and bio-hazardous wastes generated in such laboratories. To this end, this Environmental Management Plan (EMP) enables review, and mitigation of environmental risks as foreseen within the project. Although the existing laws in India do establish standards on occupational health, safety, waste management, and environmental protection for manufacturing, they do not specifically provide for environmental health, and safety in food and drug quality testing laboratories; but while some international standards may not be appropriate to conditions in Indian laboratories, some manuals (in particular the United States' Environmental Protection Agency and Food and Drug Administration manuals) are directed to smaller laboratories, and may be replicated in laboratories under this program. The EMP process will be phased beginning with an assessment of health, safety and environmental practices in testing laboratories, followed by a national workshop to discuss findings, draft guidelines for best practices, and formulate detailed operating manuals for laboratories. Based on this, training modules will be developed, with checklists to monitor each laboratory practice. The report includes a current chart of categories of biomedical wastes, and treatment/disposal activities to mitigate impacts, which include incineration, burial at selected landfill sites, disinfection practices, drainage of treated discharges, or municipal landfill disposal.

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