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The impacts of changing affluence on diets and demand patterns for agricultural commodities (Inglês)

Part I of this report uses cross country data to examine the relationship between income and broad expenditure categories and the implications of this relationship for nutritional status. The focus is on intake of calories and proteins rather than food expenditures, and on how these are determined by incomes and prices. Part II examines domestic data for different categories of food expenditures such as cereals, vegetables, meat, milk products, etc. Five major independent variables are identified - household incomes, prices, household size and composition, urbanization, and social factors. Part III looks at two other related issues: (i) the implications for nutritional status of affluent food consumption patterns; and (ii) the implications for the world food system of the derived demand for grain arising from increased meat consumption in the rapidly growing middle-income countries. Part IV presents the conclusions, which emphasize the need for an approach to food policy that balance both the consumption and production aspects of the food sector and integrates the various policy instruments available in an internally consistent fashion to achieve that balance.

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