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Internal Migration in Ethiopia : Evidence from a Quantitative and Qualitative Research Study (Inglês)

This Note takes a closer look at the scale and nature of internal migration in Ethiopia. While a Population Census offers the best source of data to study internal migration, the most recent Census was conducted in 2007. The next Census is planned to happen towards end 2018, while the census microdata will likely not be available before 2020. As a result, this paper uses three rounds of the Labor Force Surveys (LFS) and the to look at trends and patterns of internal migration in Ethiopia and the characteristics of internal migrants. At the outset, it is worth mentioning that there are some data limitation and definitional issues that complicate the study of internal migration. These issues and limitations are presented in Annex one. To contextualize the quantitative analysis, a qualitative research study with rural migrants in urban areas was conducted in May 2017. The design of the qualitative research is presented in Annex two. This Note proceeds as follows: section two presents the scale and pattern of internal migration, focusing particularly on rural-to-urban migration. This section also identifies the main receiving and sending areas and calculates net migration rates, identifying which areas and cities have net inflows of migrants and which have net outflows. Section three focuses on the characteristics and motivations of migrants, focusing on push and pull factors and disaggregating by type of migration. The main findings from the qualitative research are summarized in Section four. The final section concludes and formulates some tentative recommendations.

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