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Burundi - Fiscal decentralization and local governance : managing trade-offs to promote sustainable reforms : Burundi - Decentralisation fiscale et gouvernance locale : gerer les compromis pour promouvoir des reformes durables (Francês)

Despite the remarkable progress achieved since the end of the conflict, Burundi still faces significant development challenges. Since 2005, the Government of Burundi has embarked on a potentially transformative process of decentralization, with the aim of strengthening social cohesion, improving local governance, and promoting access to basic infrastructure and service delivery. The weakness of the communal tax system, coupled with low mobilization of local revenue and nonexistent (current) or negligible (capital) transfers from the national budget threaten the financial viability of communes, which struggle to support even basic operating costs. Addressing a specific government request, the present study aims to provide concrete policy recommendations to help the Government of Burundi improve the financial and institutional sustainability of the decentralization reform process, while enabling communes to address popular demands and deliver better services. The report will also look at the implications of these macro-level challenges at the sectoral level, through a case study of the recent experiences of decentralized land administration services, whose responsibilities were recently transferred to communes. The report is based on results from interviews, fieldwork research, and qualitative focus group discussion, combined with existing administrative data and secondary sources on decentralization in Burundi. The present study is organized into four thematic chapters. Chapter one provides a snapshot of Burundi's political and macroeconomic context, and reviews the evolution of the decentralization process to better understand how institutional, political, and bureaucratic dynamics have shaped the historical trajectory of decentralization and generated the outcomes observed today. Chapter two provides a systematic investigation of the status of fiscal decentralization in Burundi, and identifies key policy issues to be considered to ensure the medium-term sustainability of the reform process while at the same time addressing the short-term financial needs of communes. Chapter three provides an in-depth diagnostic of a key service delivery responsibility recently devolved to communes - the provision of land registration services and discusses the challenges and opportunities related to ongoing efforts to scale up access to these land services across 116 rural communes and Bujumbura. Chapter four shifts the focus to the nature of state citizen relations in an effort to better understand how citizen engagement in the decision-making process may be improved and local authorities held accountable for the provision of basic services.


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    Burundi - Decentralisation fiscale et gouvernance locale : gerer les compromis pour promouvoir des reformes durables

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    access to basic service;assignment of expenditure responsibility;Political Economy;information and communication technology;governance and public sector;process of decentralization;education and health;national poverty line;Rule of Law;fight against poverty;Public Financial Management;public sector specialist;civil society actor;central government agency;land information system;mining sector development;value added tax;intergovernmental transfer system;civil service organization;roads and water;lack of resource;international policy makers;service delivery responsibility;local tax administration;distribution of resource;civil society group;innovation in service;Internally Displaced People;demand for land;land administration system;members of parliament;focus group research;conflict and fragility;high population growth;consolidation of peace;social accountability mechanism;cost of living;insufficient institutional capacity;control of corruption;lack of transparency;dimension of governance;high population density;land right;rural area;decentralization reform;communal land;local revenue;pilot program;communal development;land services;social cohesion;tax collection;citizen engagement;transfer scheme;Land Registration;household survey;land dispute;fiscal decentralization;Natural Resources;institutional constraint;political incentive;governance reform;public resource;fiscal space;rural commune;communal tax;current expenditure;potable water;local development;private parties;private party;land conflicts;donor community;financial resource;Land Ownership;citizen participation;life expectancy;reform process;decentralization process;institutional design;administrative datum;registration service;additional revenue;local citizen;legal framework;empirical analysis;present study;financial viability;legal text;development partner;basic infrastructure;financial implication;ethnic group;budget expenditure;coordinating mechanism;interministerial coordination;tenure insecurity;average performance;external shock;vulnerable countries;energy price;financial autonomy;procurement process;macroeconomic environment;democratic election;political reform;direct election;applicable law;participatory community;effective strategy;government support;communal services;Tax Exemption;Tax Code;fiscal constraint;local taxes;large-scale mining;administrative aspects;local actors;policy study;land scarcity;geographic concentration;legislative process;cultivated land;arable land;legislative initiative;commodity price;Violent Conflict;expenditure transfer;land issue;small country;common language;Conflict Resolution;public well;landlocked country;national assembly;effective systems;domestic factor;government spending;multiparty system;fiscal shock;external assistance;expenditure growth;rural community;tax base;subnational authority;political control;aid inflow;political leadership;conflict countries;transitional government;rebel movement;domestic product;decentralization program;land restitution;adequate infrastructure;Business Climate;improve revenue;cash crop;political crisis;social contract;city hall;legal provision;public expenditure;local administrator;rural province;potential implication;public post;palm oil;resource revenue;environmental degradation;conceptual framework;active mine;Institutional Sustainability;institutional architecture;capital expenditure;supplementary information;fiscal framework;financial challenge;effective participation;institutional resource;equitable distribution;local election;scarce resource;peace accord;government institution;taxable capacity;local executive;full status;political parties;public health;draft law;participatory budget;fragile states;household poverty;national territory;decentralization policy;political party;rural population;citizen interaction;driving force;information campaign;citizen needs;decentralization experience;human rights;budgetary process;local investment;registration system;gender equity;health clinics



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